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Teaching for a Tolerant World, Grades 9-12: Essays and Resources

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Teaching for a Tolerant World Grades 9 12 Essays and Resources by

1 - L’indetermination des anticipations rationnelles. Lorsqu’on quitte le cadre du modele Arrow-Debreu d’equilibre general et ses hypotheses restrictives pour s’interesser a des economies monetaires ou sequentielles, la maniere dont les acteurs economiques interpretent leur environnement et se projettent dans l’avenir s’impose aux theoriciens comme une question decisive qui ne peut plus etre eludee. 12 9 Grade Resource Teaching Tolerant World. Cette prise en compte des anticipations n’est pas sans danger pour le paradigme fondamentaliste dans la mesure ou elle confronte le discours economique a un objet nouveau, la cognition individuelle. Essay On Deterioration Of Values In Present. On doit alors se demander si les outils economiques traditionnels sont capables d’en proposer une analyse pertinente et complete ou s’il faut transformer en profondeur le discours fondamentaliste pour l’ouvrir a de nouveaux principes. 12 9 Grade. La rationalite instrumentale reste-t-elle pertinente ou faut-il admettre l’existence d’une rationalite specifique, qu’on dira « cognitive » ? Pour faire face a ces defis de grande ampleur, la pensee fondamentaliste a elabore une puissante reponse tournant autour des notions d’efficience informationnelle des prix et d’« anticipation rationnelle ». Essay Of Values Day Education. L’idee directrice consiste a montrer que, certes, l’acteur economique reagit a partir d’une representation de l’economie, mais que cette representation est unique, en l’occurrence le « vrai modele », et que, sur la base de ce modele, la connaissance des prix suffit a determiner parfaitement l’action individuelle. 12 9 Tolerant World. On trouve une illustration exemplaire de ces theses chez Hayek [1945] qui met l’accent sur la capacite des prix a agreger toute l’information utile et a permettre, en consequence, de coordonner les actions separees des multiples acteurs economiques. Slides Web. Cette analyse accredite l’idee d’un ordre spontane qui, a partir des interets prives, produit des grandeurs sociales, en l’occurrence les prix d’equilibre, sans qu’il y ait besoin de postuler un espace commun de representation autre que celui des prix. 12 9 Grade Teaching Tolerant. On parlera d’une logique « bottom-up » ou les valeurs d’equilibre resultent de l’agregation mecanique des evaluations privees. Hayek prend comme exemple la maniere dont une economie confrontee soudainement a une rarete accrue de l’etain, evolue et s’adapte. As Communication Culture Essay Media. L’ajustement efficient a la situation nouvelle ne mobilise aucun representation globale du phenomene, mais une serie d’adaptations locales en fonction des interets prives et des spheres de competence des uns et des autres. Essay Grade. En cela, le processus considere est d’une nature fondamentalement decentralisee, a l’oppose de ce que serait une reponse planifiee.

Le modele ainsi construit donne a voir un ensemble de voisinages individuels interconnectes grace au prix et conduisant a une adaptation globale de l’economie bien qu’aucun agent ne possede un savoir global du processus. As Communication Essay Media. Hayek ecrit : « Cet ensemble joue comme un seul marche non pas parce que chacun de ses membres etudie l’ensemble de l’economie [2] [2] Dans la traduction francaise proposee par La Revue. 12 9 Resource Teaching World. , mais parce que les champs de vision individuels se recouvrent suffisamment, de telle sorte qu’a travers de nombreux intermediaires, l’information en cause est communiquee a tous ». Essay Of Values. La seule observation des prix permet a chacun de prendre la bonne decision. Grade Resource Teaching. Aussi les prix autorisent-ils une fantastique economie de savoir et d’intelligence. Academic English Essay. C’est de cette qualite qu’ils tirent leur qualite regulatrice essentielle. 12 9 Essay Tolerant World. Les prix permettent ce miracle d’agreger des connaissances strictement locales en un prix global, conduisant, qui plus est, a une gestion efficace des ressources. Cette vision de l’adaptation marchande par le jeu de prix informationnellement efficients bute sur une difficulte centrale qui semble avoir totalement echappee a Hayek dans le cadre de son article de 1945 : la difference entre prix relatif et prix monetaire.

Lorsque les individus observent une augmentation du prix de l’etain, ils doivent se demander si cette augmentation observee est ou n’est pas la consequence d’une augmentation generale des prix. Analysis Vocabulary. Selon la reponse qu’ils apportent a cette question, ils agiront differemment. 12 9 Grade Resource World. Pour cette raison, dans une economie monetaire, les prix cessent d’etre, au sens strict, informationnellement efficients [3] [3] Une analyse tout a fait similaire aurait pu etre menee. Essay I Should Have Listened. : a eux seuls, ils ne permettent plus de prendre la bonne decision. 12 9 Essay Grade Teaching World. Celle-ci va dependre de la maniere dont les acteurs economiques se representent le comportement de la banque centrale. English. Ce faisant, est reconnu ce fait fondamental que les prix ne suffisent pas a la determination de l’action efficace et que celle-ci requiert, de la part des agents, un travail d’interpretation quant a la maniere dont l’economie fonctionne.

Comme on grade resource teaching world le sait, ce constat a joue un role central dans l’emergence de la nouvelle macroeconomie. As Communication Culture Media Media. En effet, il revient au courant des anticipations rationnelles d’avoir pleinement compris que l’on ne pouvait pas faire d’analyse serieuse sans considerer la maniere dont les agents se representent la politique gouvernementale et le fonctionnement de l’economie. 12 9 Teaching World. Il s’agit la d’une transformation considerable en ce qu’elle reconnait pleinement l’importance de l’activite cognitive individuelle, qu’on ne peut plus cantonner a la seule observation des prix. Slides Web. Le theoricien des anticipations rationnelles ne se situe plus dans le cadre de mediations objectivees, conduisant a une rationalite de type parametrique, indifferente aux autres, comme dans le modele Arrow-Debreu. 12 9 Essay Grade Resource. Tout au contraire, il reconnait pleinement le role central de « l’interdependance strategique qui fait que la forme de comportement d’une personne depend des formes de comportement de ceux qui forment son environnement » (Sargent [1986], p. Academic Essay. x). Essay Resource World. Par la meme, l’analyse que chaque protagoniste fait des autres devient un element important de la dynamique d’interaction et du modele qui la decrit.

Dans un premier temps, cette revolution conceptuelle n’a pas ete pleinement percue dans la mesure ou les nouveaux classiques raisonnaient dans un cadre fondamentaliste, ce qui les conduisait a penser qu’il n’existait qu’un seul modele de l’economie. Format Meaning. Aussi la question du modele de l’economie se trouvait etre resolue en meme temps qu’elle avait ete posee : le modele a prendre en compte etait le « vrai modele » de l’economie, a savoir celui propose par les nouveaux classiques. Tolerant. Dans cette perspective, « les anticipations rationnelles apparaissent comme une (simple) application du principe de comportement rationnel a l’acquisition et au traitement de l’information et a la formation des anticipations » (Maddock et Carter [1998], p. Essay Meaning. 68). 12 9 Essay Grade Teaching Tolerant. Autrement dit, la theorie des anticipations rationnelles se presente comme une theorie economique qui prend en compte l’activite cognitive individuelle, mais qui soutient que les seuls criteres de la rationalite instrumentale sont suffisants pour en fournir une intelligibilite complete. Essay On Deterioration Of Values. Selon cette perspective, il n’y aurait nul besoin de faire appel a un concept autonome de rationalite cognitive. Tres vite, cette position s’est trouvee critiquee par ceux qui, prenant au serieux l’idee d’une interpretation par les agents de leur environnement economique, ont souligne combien le postulat de l’unicite du modele utilise et son identification au propre modele des nouveaux classiques etaient absurdes. Resource World. C’est le cas de David Laidler [1986] analysant une etude empirique que Robert Barro a consacree a l’influence de la monnaie sur le chomage, la production et les prix aux USA durant la periode 1945-76. Culture Media Popular Society. Il note que « les agents sont traites par Barro comme croyant au modele des nouveaux classiques et l’utilisant pour former leurs anticipations. 12 9 Essay Resource Teaching Tolerant. Cependant, si, sur la periode 1945-76, les agents avaient reellement cru aux idees des nouveaux classiques, alors il n’y aurait pas eu besoin d’une revolution des nouveaux classiques » dans les annees quatre vingt. As Communication Culture Culture Essay Media. Il ajoute qu’au milieu des annees soixante dix, les acteurs de l’economie privee comme ceux en charge de la politique economique croyaient fermement aux principes de l’economie keynesienne, en particulier a l’existence d’un arbitrage possible entre inflation et chomage.

Dans ces conditions, « la coherence logique imposait aux nouveaux classiques de modeliser l’histoire de la periode en question en supposant que les agents utilisaient un modele keynesien pour former leurs anticipations ». 12 9 Grade Resource Tolerant World. Autrement dit, des lors qu’on s’interesse a la maniere dont les agents considerent leur environnement et l’analyse, on slides web sort de la rationalite instrumentale pure car il faut alors tenir compte du contexte historique et, tout particulierement, de l’etat des savoirs au moment considere. Essay Grade Resource Tolerant. Bien que l’argument de Laidler nous semble parfaitement convaincant, la critique decisive a l’encontre de l’hypothese d’un modele unique est venue d’ailleurs, a savoir des modeles d’anticipations rationnelles eux-memes lorsqu’ils ont montre la possibilite d’autorealisation d’une multiplicite d’anticipations. Format Meaning. Pour en comprendre la logique, il faut revenir a l’idee premiere qui fonde la notion meme d’anticipation rationnelle, a savoir une approche strictement instrumentale de la cognition. En effet, l’application de la seule rationalite instrumentale aux representations individuelles conduit a une analyse qui ne retient comme seul critere d’evaluation que le critere consequentialiste de la performance, a savoir la qualite des previsions qu’ont permises ces representations. 12 9 Essay Teaching. Par definition, tout autre consideration est exclue, comme la recherche du « juste » ou du « vrai » (Boudon, ce numero). As Communication Culture Media Popular Society. Soulignons que le terme de « representation » est ici utilise dans un sens large qui inclut trois types de contenu : (1) une variable unique, par exemple lorsque les individus anticipent un rendement (Weil [1989]) ou un prix futur ; (2) un veritable modele de l’economie au sens ou sont prises en compte des relations entre variables, par exemple le modele de taches solaires (Chiappori [1994]) ; (3) le comportement d’un autre agent, par exemple dans les conjectures a la Cournot ou a la Bertrand. 12 9 Essay Grade World. Aussi la representation est-elle rationnelle quand le resultat ex post observe valide la croyance initiale : (1) le rendement ou le prix est egal au rendement ou au prix anticipe ; (2) les liens observes sont conformes a ceux que postulait le modele hypothetique ; (3) l’agent a agi conformement a la conjecture. Process. Sans que toujours cela soit dit explicitement, le fait qu’on suppose le plus souvent une situation ou tous les agents partagent la meme representation est compris egalement comme etant une consequence de la rationalite. Essay Grade Resource Teaching World. Le resultat etonnant des modeles avec anticipations rationnelles consiste en ce que de tres nombreuses representations peuvent s’autorealiser. I Should. Aussi, obtient-on un tres grand nombre d’equilibres possibles. 12 9 Essay Grade Teaching. C’est la un resultat troublant pour l’approche fondamentaliste puisqu’il signifie que les croyances ont un impact reel, conformement aux theses developpees par le sociologue americain Robert Merton [1953] qui ecrivait que « les croyances collectives engendraient leur propre realisation » (p.

144). As Communication Culture Essay Media Popular Society. Autrement dit, les contraintes de rarete ne suffisent pas a modeler de maniere univoque l’economie. 12 9 Essay Tolerant. Celle-ci depend egalement de la maniere dont les agents l’interpretent. Analysis. Non seulement l’idee d’un modele unique doit etre abandonnee, mais en fait de tres nombreux modeles sont possibles, bien plus que ce qu’on pouvait imaginer a priori . 12 9 Grade Resource Teaching World. Comme l’ecrit Chiappori ([1994], p. Essay Of Values In Present Day Education. 75) : « l’hypothese de rationalite des anticipations est parfaitement compatible avec l’indetermination de l’equilibre ». Ce role essentiel joue par les representations a priori des agents conduit les modeles avec anticipations rationnelles, loin des idees initiales defendues par les nouveaux classiques, a retrouver des resultats keynesiens (Bryant [1983]). 12 9 Essay Grade Resource Teaching Tolerant. Le modele de Philippe Weil [1989] est exemplaire de cet apparent paradoxe. Culture Culture Media Popular Society. Dans un modele a deux periodes, introduisant l’hypothese selon laquelle le rendement de l’epargne depend positivement du montant global d’epargne investi, il demontre qu’existe une multiplicite d’equilibres avec anticipations rationnelles. 12 9 Essay Grade Tolerant. Confronte a ce resultat qui permet d’expliquer aussi bien des equilibres hauts que des equilibres bas selon que les acteurs economiques forment des anticipations optimistes ou pessimistes quant au rendement attendu du capital, Weil est amene a faire appel aux « esprits animaux » keynesiens, ce qui donne son titre a l’article, pour « determiner » l’equilibre qui sera effectivement obtenu. Essay On Deterioration In Present. Comme dans le texte keynesien, les attitudes psychologiques des individus redeviennent une variable independante dont depend tout le systeme. Teaching Tolerant. Weil ecrit : « les equilibres sont indexes par l’optimisme ou le pessimisme des consommateurs » (p. Format Meaning. 889).

Cette indetermination massive des anticipations rationnelles est, selon nous, l’expression la plus forte de l’inadequation de la rationalite instrumentale pour penser les representations individuelles et collectives. Essay Teaching World. Si l’on veut sortir le discours economique de cette situation de crise ou tout est possible ou presque [4] [4] Cette idee selon laquelle « l’hypothese de rationalite. Essay In Present. , il nous faut aller vers une meilleure comprehension de l’activite cognitive. 12 9 Grade Teaching Tolerant World. Cela devient une tache essentielle pour l’economiste. Essay Have To My Parents. Telle est la finalite du « tournant cognitif ». Essay Resource Tolerant World. Spontanement, c’est du cote de la psychologie qu’ont cherche le plus souvent les economistes. Process Essay. C’est le cas de Keynes ou du courant contemporain dit de la « finance comportementaliste » (Thaler [1993]). 12 9 Grade Resource World. Pour notre part, nous avons privilegie l’analyse de l’activite cognitive collective. 2 - Pour une theorie de la cognition sociale. Pour commencer, il convient de definir precisement ce qu’on entend par « croyance collective ». Essay Media Society. La theorie economique nous en propose deux definitions, a savoir la « croyance partagee » et la « croyance commune ». Resource Teaching World. Pour clarifier ce point central, introduisons la notation suivante C i Q qui se lit : « l’individu i croit que la proposition Q est vraie ». Culture. On dit alors que Q est de croyance partagee pour le groupe G lorsqu’on a C i Q pour tous les individus i appartenant au groupe G. Essay Grade Teaching. On dit que Q est de croyance commune pour le groupe G lorsqu’on a l’ensemble suivant de propositions : C i Q ; C j C i Q ; C k C j C i , Q… jusqu’a l’infini des croyances croisees, pour tous les i, pour tous les j, pour tous les k du groupe, … La notion de croyance commune est bien plus restrictive que celle de croyance partagee puisqu’elle implique, non seulement que tout le monde croit a Q, comme dans la croyance partagee, mais egalement que tout le monde croit que tout le monde y croit et cela jusqu’a un ordre infini de croyances croisees. Comme on slides web le voit, ces deux notions de croyance collective renvoient strictement a des croyances individuelles. 12 9 Essay Teaching. Elles ne sont collectives qu’au sens ou tous les individus, d’une maniere ou d’une autre, les ont fait leur. Academic English. Aussi, ces notions se differencient-elles d’une autre notion qui peut s’ecrire sous la forme C G Q : « le groupe G croit que la proposition Q est vraie ». 12 9 Essay Grade Teaching World. Dans ce cas, on i should have to my parents attribue des croyances a une entite abstraite, a savoir le groupe lui-meme.

Cette notation est prima facie absurde puisque a proprement parler, le groupe en tant que tel n’a pas de croyance, n’etant pas un etre humain. Essay. Pourtant, l’analyse empirique nous revele que, dans de nombreux contextes de coordination, les individus sont amenes a utiliser ce type d’objet cognitif enigmatique, par exemple lorsqu’ils disent : « le marche croit que cette devise est sous-evaluee [5] [5] En fait, entrent dans cette categorie toutes les propositions. Analysis. ». Essay Grade Resource Tolerant World. Comment expliquer ce fait etrange ? Repondre a cette question est l’objet de la presente section. As Communication Media Media Society. Plus largement, nous montrerons que les croyances sociales jouent un role central dans les situations de coordination. 12 9 Tolerant World. Commencons par expliciter quelle signification l’individu i donne a la proposition C G Q. 2.1 - Definition de la croyance sociale. A priori , on analysis peut en concevoir deux. Tolerant. Selon la premiere interpretation, notee (i1), l’individu i croit que le groupe croit que la proposition Q est vraie s’il croit qu’une grande partie [6] [6] Le fait d’utiliser un terme aussi vague que « une grande. Essay Format. du groupe croit que la proposition Q est vraie. 12 9 Resource Teaching Tolerant. On est ici proche de la notion de croyance partagee, mais uniquement aux yeux de l’individu i. Essay On Deterioration Of Values Day Education. Au sens (i1), la « croyance du groupe » n’est qu’une maniere de parler pour dire qu’un grand nombre d’individus du groupe croit a une certaine proposition.

Selon la seconde interpretation, notee (i2), l’individu i croit que le groupe croit a Q pour autant qu’il croit qu’une grande partie du groupe croit egalement que le groupe croit a Q. 12 9 Essay Grade World. Cette definition est essentiellement autoreferentielle de telle sorte qu’a la limite, elle laisse indeterminee ce que « croit » veut dire dans l’expression « le groupe croit que la proposition Q est vraie ». On Deterioration In Present Day Education. Elle suppose simplement que tous les individus du groupe attribuent aux autres individus la capacite d’accepter ou de refuser la proposition selon laquelle « le groupe croit que la proposition Q est vraie ». 12 9 Essay Grade Resource World. Il s’ensuit que la proposition Q est l’objet d’une croyance du groupe pour un individu s’il croit qu’un grand nombre d’individus acceptent cette proposition comme reponse a la question : « qu’est-ce que croit le groupe ? ». Culture Essay Media Popular. Ou encore, on essay teaching tolerant world a C i C G Q si et seulement si C i C j C G Q pour presque tous les individus j du groupe. Essay Day Education. Il s’ensuit que C G Q est proche de la notion de croyance commune aux yeux de l’individu i. La difference entre ces deux interpretations est tres importante. Tolerant. Selon la premiere interpretation, aux yeux de i, c’est la proposition Q elle-meme qui est mise en avant comme croyance partagee ; dans le second cas, aux yeux de i, c’est la « croyance » C G Q, et non pas Q, qui est mise en avant comme croyance commune. I Should Have To My Parents. Dans ce dernier cas, la nature precise de ce que veut dire qu’un groupe « croit a quelque chose » reste indeterminee alors que pour (i1), la croyance du groupe se definit aisement comme la croyance d’un grand nombre d’individus de ce groupe. 12 9 Essay Grade Resource World. Si l’on reprend notre exemple d’un individu i qui croit que le marche croit que telle devise est sous-evaluee, ces deux hypotheses correspondent aux deux interpretations suivantes : (i1) l’individu considere croit que presque tous les autres intervenants sur le marche, pris un a un, croient a la sous-evaluation de la devise ; (i2) l’individu croit que presque tous les intervenants, pris un a un, croient que « le marche croit que la devise est sous-evaluee ». Les deux interpretations (i1) et (i2) nous sont apparues a priori egalement interessantes en ce que toutes deux mettent en scene un travail cognitif particulier qui vise a saisir le groupe dans sa generalite, en lui attribuant une croyance. Essay I Should To My. C’est la, selon nous, une propriete fondamentale. 12 9 Essay Resource Teaching. Il nous semble que c’est tres precisement par le biais de cette capacite cognitive a attribuer des croyances au groupe en tant que tel que le collectif acquiert de facto une existence effective : au travers des croyances sociales qu’il suscite, il se montre apte a modeler les conduites individuelles et, de ce fait, s’affirme comme une force autonome dont il faut rendre compte. Essay Format. Autrement dit, conformement a une perspective d’analyse developpee par Mary Douglas [1989] a la suite d’Emile Durkheim, le cognitif est pour nous un lieu privilegie d’expression du social (Orlean [1996]). 12 9 Grade Teaching World. On verra au fil des exemples que c’est l’interpretation (i2) qui doit etre retenue comme la bonne maniere de definir ce qu’est une « croyance sociale », en particulier au regard de l’idee d’autonomie par rapport aux croyances individuelles.

Cette affirmation resultera d’une analyse des jeux de pure coordination [7] [7] Pour plus de precision, se reporter a Mehta et alii. Analysis Essay Vocabulary. , configuration particulierement appropriee pour qui cherche a reflechir aux situations ayant une multiplicite d’equilibres (Orlean [1994]). Grade Resource Teaching Tolerant. On commencera par demontrer que ce qu’on appelle « les saillances a la Schelling » constituent un premier exemple de croyance sociale au sens (i2). 2.2 - Un exemple de croyance sociale : les saillances a la Schelling. Thomas Schelling [1960] a consacre une grande partie de son livre a l’analyse des jeux de pure coordination a deux joueurs. Essay Meaning. Si chaque joueur doit choisir sa strategie dans l’ensemble , le gain obtenu par l’un et l’autre des deux joueurs vaut 1 s’ils choisissent tous deux la meme strategie et 0 dans le cas contraire. Essay Teaching Tolerant World. Chaque joueur cherche donc a copier son partenaire de facon a maximiser son gain. Analysis. Schelling a note que les individus se coordonnent de maniere beaucoup plus efficace que ce que prevoit la theorie standard. 12 9 Grade Teaching World. En effet, selon celle-ci, s’il existe n strategies possibles, la probabilite de se coordonner est egale a 1/n puisque chaque strategie est parfaitement indistinguable. Process Analysis. Or, dans toutes les experimentations qu’il realise, Schelling note que les joueurs se coordonnent de maniere bien plus efficace que 1/n. Essay Resource. Il en est ainsi pour une raison tres simple : parce que les joueurs utilisent le libelle des choix qui leur sont proposes.

De cette facon, ils sont capables de reconnaitre des equilibres dits « saillants ». As Communication Media Popular Society. On est ainsi confronte a une double etrangete. 12 9 Essay Grade Resource World. D’une part, dans les situations classiquement considerees par les theoriciens des jeux, la maniere dont les strategies sont nommees est sans aucune pertinence. Essay Meaning. Cela ne fait pas partie de ce qu’on pourrait appeler la description « fondamentaliste » du jeu. Essay Grade Tolerant. Celle-ci est generalement constituee de la matrice des gains et de l’hypothese de rationalite des deux joueurs, au sens de la connaissance commune. Essay Format. C’est sur cette seule base que le chercheur s’efforce de caracteriser les equilibres. 12 9 Grade Resource World. Au regard de la rationalite fondamentaliste, le libelle des strategies n’a pas a etre utilise. Process Vocabulary. Pour designer cette forme de rationalite qui prend appui sur les contextes au-dela de ce que justifierait l’analyse fondamentaliste, nous proposons le terme de « rationalite situee » (Orlean [1994]).

D’autre part, les individus se montrent effectivement capables, a partir des libelles, de, selectionner certains equilibres. Essay Teaching Tolerant. Examinons cette forme de rationalite doublement enigmatique, a partir des travaux empiriques que Mehta et alii [1994] lui ont consacres. Ces auteurs considerent le jeu de pure coordination particulier consistant a choisir un nombre naturel n ? 1. English. De maniere plus precise, un groupe G d’individus est constitue au sein duquel sont effectues des appariements aleatoires de telle sorte qu’un individu ne sait rien d’autre sur son partenaire que le fait qu’il soit le resultat d’un tirage au sort dans le groupe G. Essay Grade Resource. De facon a mieux pouvoir interpreter les resultats obtenus, Mehta et alii ont eu l’idee de commencer par selectionner un premier groupe, note P, auquel il est simplement demander de choisir un entier naturel superieur ou egal a 1, en l’absence de toute situation de coordination. Essay. De cette facon, les auteurs obtiennent des informations sur la distribution des « opinions personnelles » au sein de la population testee. 12 9 Essay Grade Teaching Tolerant. Dans le deuxieme groupe, note C, le jeu de coordination est joue selon les regles precisees precedemment. Format Meaning. Quels sont les resultats ? Dans le groupe P de controle, viennent en tete les reponses 7 (11,4%), puis 2 (10,2%), puis 10 (5,7%) et 1 (4,5%). Grade Resource Tolerant World. Par contre, dans le groupe C, c’est le nombre 1 qui recoit le plus de suffrages, et cela tres nettement : 1 est choisi dans 40% des cas. Culture Popular Society. Il est suivi par le nombre 7 dans 14,4%. Grade World. Pour les auteurs consideres, le choix du nombre 1 constitue un exemple de ce qu’ils appellent une « saillance a la Schelling », a savoir la capacite a determiner un equilibre singulier, proeminent, susceptible de retenir un grand nombre de suffrages. Academic Essay. Ils notent que le choix du nombre 1 par le groupe C resulte d’une elaboration cognitive tres specifique et enigmatique en ce qu’elle ne s’interesse pas aux preferences « personnelles » des joueurs en matiere de nombre, ce qui conduirait a selectionner des chiffres comme 7 ou 2, mais cherche a determiner directement ce qui est capable de faire l’unanimite du groupe lorsque chacun analyse le probleme sous le meme angle.

Cela apparait nettement dans le fait que « 1 », le choix final, n’arrive qu’en quatrieme position des choix primaires pour le groupe P de controle. 12 9 Resource World. Ce n’est pas en tant que nombre apprecie des joueurs qu’il est retenu. Slides Web. Le raisonnement est tout autre. 12 9 Essay Grade World. Si les individus retiennent la regle « choisir le premier nombre », c’est en vertu de la propriete suivante : lorsque cette regle est suivie par tous les joueurs, elle permet de designer sans ambiguite une reponse unique et conduit a une coordination reussie. Vocabulary. C’est tres precisement ce que Schelling avait mis en lumiere. Grade Resource Teaching Tolerant. Il parlait a ce propos d’un « principe focal », a savoir un principe qui, utilise par tous, permet de determiner une strategie unique. Process Essay Vocabulary. C’est le cas du principe « retenir le premier nombre », et non du principe « choisir un chiffre qu’on aime ». 12 9 Essay Grade Resource Teaching. Dans la situation de coordination que connait le groupe C, les individus reflechissent, non pas a partir de leurs croyances individuelles, ni en se demandant ce que sont les croyances personnelles des autres, ce qui aurait conduit au choix du nombre 7, mais, en se placant a un niveau plus general d’abstraction, de facon a determiner un principe capable de faire emerger, aux yeux de tous, un equilibre unique. Essay Media Media Society. L’activite cognitive est tournee vers le groupe en tant qu’entite separee. 12 9 Essay Grade World. Elle tente de produire un repere commun sur une base non-cooperative.

On trouve ici un premier exemple de « croyance sociale » au sens (i2). Vocabulary. Rappelons que, par definition, Q est une croyance sociale au sens (i2) pour un individu i s’il pense qu’elle est une croyance sociale pour (presque) tous les individus du groupe. 12 9 Grade Resource Teaching Tolerant. Telle est la nature meme de l’activite cognitive qui conduit certains a retenir le nombre 1 : les joueurs du groupe C choisissent « 1 » parce qu’ils y voient le choix capable de retenir le choix des autres lorsque tous les autres pensent le probleme sous le meme angle. Essay Listened Parents. L’activite cognitive qu’elle mobilise est integralement tournee vers le groupe en tant que tel , et non pas vers les preferences individuelles des joueurs. 12 9 Essay. Dans cette derniere hypothese, on essay i should listened to my parents obtiendrait ce qu’on a appele une croyance sociale au sens (i1), qui conduit au nombre 7 lorsque tous les joueurs sont bien informes des opinions personnelles des membres du groupe telles que nous les revele le groupe P de controle. 12 9 Grade. La force de la definition (i2) tient au fait qu’elle fait totalement abstraction de la variabilite des preferences intrinseques des individus pour s’attacher a definir une croyance propre au groupe C en tant que groupe . Essay Day Education. C’est une force car, dans un grand nombre de situations, la croyance sociale au sens (i1) est tres incertaine du fait meme de la variabilite des gouts individuels, donc inoperante.

Lorsque l’individu i s’interroge sur la croyance partagee des autres, un grand nombre de reponses plausibles lui viennent a l’esprit. Grade. Dans l’interpretation (i2), ce fait ne joue en rien parce que, par definition, chacun cherche a determiner ce qui est capable d’etre une croyance sociale pour (presque) tous les autres. Culture Popular Society. Cependant, dans ces cas particuliers ou un choix s’affirme comme evidemment majoritaire, la definition (i1) de la croyance sociale permet effectivement une bonne coordination. Essay Grade Tolerant World. On dira qu’on a affaire a un « stereotype ». Analysis Essay. Cependant, notons que la preference stereotypique est egalement une croyance sociale au sens (i2) de telle sorte que ce cas particulier n’infirme pas la generalite de l’hypothese selon laquelle il convient de retenir la definition (i2) pour penser les « saillances a la Schelling ». 2.3 - Rationalite situee et role des contextes. Dans sa reflexion, Schelling insiste sur le role que jouent les contextes dans l’elaboration des principes focaux. 12 9 Resource Tolerant. L’exemple precedent ne permet guere d’aller tres loin dans cette voie dans la mesure ou le contexte s’y limite alors strictement aux seuls libelles des choix puisque le groupe C n’est en rien specifie. Slides Web. L’exemple suivant que l’on doit a David Kreps ([1990], p. 12 9 Resource Tolerant. 120) permet d’aller un peu plus loin en montrant que l’equilibre selectionne depend etroitement de la maniere dont les joueurs analysent l’identite des participants au jeu. English Essay. Selon la maniere dont varie la definition du groupe C, la croyance sociale se modifie. Kreps considere le jeu de coordination [8] [8] Le jeu effectivement propose par Kreps est un peu different. 12 9 Tolerant. consistant a partager les 10 lettres A, B, C, D, H, L, M, N, P, S en deux sous-ensembles ne devant pas se recouper, ou le moins possible, etant donne que l’equipe [1] doit choisir necessairement la lettre B et l’equipe adverse, notee [2], la lettre S. Listened. Parmi les 256 partitions des 8 lettres restantes qui forment autant d’equilibres possibles de ce jeu, l’equilibre de point focal est selon Kreps, lorsque rien n’est dit de specifique sur le groupe des joueurs [9] [9] En fait, dans la plupart des situations, chacun sait. 12 9 Grade Resource Teaching Tolerant World. , celui qui donne a l’equipe [1] les 5 premieres lettres, soit A, B, C, D et H et pour l’equipe [2], les cinq dernieres, soit L, M, N, P et S. As Communication Culture Culture Media Media Popular Society. Il s’agit la d’une nouvelle illustration de la saillance a la Schelling. Grade Teaching Tolerant World. Kreps ajoute cependant : « Notons que la regle appliquee ici est entierement dependante du contexte ». Have Listened To My Parents. Pour le voir, il considere le meme jeu dans laquelle l’equipe [1] est constitue d’etudiants de Harvard et l’equipe [2] est constituee d’etudiants de Stanford et ou ce fait est porte a la connaissance des protagonistes.

10 villes leur sont proposees : Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, Dallas, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New York, Philadelphie et San Francisco. 12 9 Essay Grade Resource Teaching Tolerant. L’equipe [1] doit necessairement choisir Boston et l’equipe [2] San Francisco. Analysis. Du point de vue de la rationalite fondamentaliste, les deux situations de jeu sont strictement equivalentes. 12 9 Teaching World. Pourtant, dans a peu pres 75 % des situations nous dit Kreps (p. Slides Web. 121), les etudiants d’Harvard choisissent Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, Miami, New York et Philadelphie alors que ceux de Stanford retiennent le complement, soit Dallas, Houston, Los Angeles et San Francisco. 12 9 Essay Grade Resource Teaching Tolerant World. Le point focal est ici un partage geographique des USA selon ce qui est a l’est ou a l’ouest du Mississipi. I Should Have Listened. Il est different de l’equilibre focal precedent dans lequel les joueurs ne sont pas capables de partitionner le groupe G des joueurs en groupes d’appartenance geographique distincte. On voit ici pleinement l’effet du contexte dans la determination de la croyance sociale. 12 9 World. Celle-ci depend etroitement du groupe considere, de ce qu’on sait de lui, et non pas seulement du contenu intrinseque de la question prise en elle-meme. As Communication Culture Media Popular. Ainsi, si cette liste de villes etait donnee a des joueurs non americains, ignorant tout de la geographie des USA, mais connaissant l’alphabet latin, ils reviendraient a la premiere solution car ils ne pourraient faire l’hypothese que chaque joueur connait la geographie americaine.

Dans ces conditions, la prise en compte de la premiere lettre peut emerger comme « principe focal ». Essay Grade Teaching. Plus paradoxalement, il peut en etre egalement ainsi si, meme si les joueurs sont americains, lorsqu’ils ignorent qu’ils le sont. Slides Web. Dans ce cas, chaque joueur ne peut plus faire l’hypothese que le partage geographique prenant pour base le Mississipi est une croyance sociale du groupe. Grade Tolerant World. On voit ici que la maniere dont les protagonistes concoivent « l’identite collective du groupe » apparait comme une donnee essentielle du probleme, determinant la formation des croyances sociales au sens (i2). Essay I Should Have Parents. Tout ce qui appartient au passe commun du groupe, qu’il s’agisse de precedents historiques ou de valeurs culturelles, est utilise. Essay. L’exemple considere par Kreps nous donne a voir l’effet d’un contexte culturel, mais le meme resultat pourrait etre obtenu avec un « precedent » historique. Un bon exemple du role que jouent les precedents historiques dans la determination des croyances sociales nous est donne par les marches financiers. As Communication Culture Culture Media Popular Society. Plus precisement, par les travaux que Shiller [1991] a consacres a la journee du 19 octobre 1987, journee ou la bourse de New York a connu sa plus grande baisse jamais enregistree, soit une chute vertigineuse de 508 points, representant une baisse de 22,6 %. 12 9 Grade Resource Teaching Tolerant World. Comment expliquer une baisse de telle ampleur ? Les analystes s’accordent pour penser qu’aucune information fondamentale ne permet de le faire. Academic. Il faut alors chercher ailleurs : dans la dynamique intersubjective et autoreferentielle dont les marches boursiers sont le siege. Grade Tolerant. Shiller a eu l’idee d’envoyer un questionnaire aux investisseurs individuels et institutionnels pour connaitre leurs motivations.

Les resultats qu’il a obtenus mettent en avant le role qu’a joue la crise de 1929 dans ces evenements, en tant que modele de reference servant aux investisseurs a decrypter les evenements et a s’y adapter. Essay On Deterioration. Il note, en effet, que la crise de 1929 etait fortement presente aux esprits des investisseurs au moment ou se declenche le krach d’octobre 1987. Essay Grade Teaching Tolerant World. 35 % des investisseurs individuels et 53 % des institutionnels ont repondu oui a la question « Vous souvenez-vous d’avoir pense ou parle des evenements de 1929 durant les quelques jours qui ont precede le 19 octobre 1987 ? ». Essay Format Meaning. Pour Shiller, la crise de 1929 s’est imposee a tous les esprits comme la saillance pertinente, autrement dit comme le modele permettant de comprendre comment se deroule une crise boursiere. 12 9 Essay Grade Tolerant. Rappelons que les mercredi 14, jeudi 15 et vendredi 16 octobre de la semaine qui a precede le krach, le marche des actions a deja connu trois baisses importantes. English Essay. Aussi, durant le week-end et au matin du lundi, les investisseurs sont-ils nerveux. Grade Tolerant World. La tres forte baisse de 200 points qui survient le lundi 19 octobre des l’ouverture des bourses plonge les operateurs dans la perplexite devant ces evenements d’un caractere tout a fait inhabituel. Analysis Essay Vocabulary. Comment vont reagir le marche et les autres operateurs ? Dans de telles circonstances, que faut-il attendre du marche ? Les investisseurs ont interprete les evenements de 1987 a la lumiere de ceux survenus en 1929. Essay Grade Tolerant World. Bien evidemment, la comparaison n’avait pas de quoi les rassurer. Vocabulary. Elle a provoque des anticipations fortement baissieres et a alimente puissamment le climat de panique qu’a connu la bourse durant les journees du 19 et 20 octobre 1987. 12 9 Essay Grade Resource Teaching Tolerant World. Pour Shiller, on essay ne peut comprendre la surreaction du marche sans integrer a l’analyse le role qu’a joue la saillance « crise de 1929 » comme prototype de la crise boursiere. 12 9 Essay Resource. C’est le recours a ce modele qui permet d’expliquer le caractere excessif des baisses et des ventes.

Cette analyse illustre avec force le role que jouent les precedents historiques dans la determination des anticipations collectives du marche. 2.4 - L’autonomie des croyances sociales. Cette analyse des contextes, historiques ou culturels, dans la production des croyances sociales, nous donne a voir une etrange deconnexion entre celles-ci et les croyances individuelles. I Should To My. Il semble que les individus soient comme impuissants parce que les interpretations legitimes qui modelent l’equilibre de coordination s’imposent a eux independamment de leurs propres opinions. Tolerant. Ces croyances sociales ont pour origine les multiples reperes communs, historiques et culturels, qui definissent l’identite du groupe. Meaning. Parce que le passe nous livre des habitudes, des recits, des legitimites, les individus quels que soient par ailleurs leurs opinions ne sont pas libres dans leur capacite a proposer des representations collectives legitimes. 12 9 Essay World. Aussi, vont s’imposer aux acteurs economiques des equilibres qu’ils n’auraient pas necessairement souhaites, comme nous l’a montre l’exemple de la crise de 1987. Cette autonomie des croyances sociales se revele avec force dans le fait que peuvent exister des situations ou, simultanement, tous les individus croient a la proposition P et tous les individus croient que le groupe croit a la proposition Q, differente de la proposition P, alors meme qu’aucune de ces croyances n’est erronee. English Essay. Ne reposant sur aucune erreur, ces situations peuvent donc perdurer sans qu’aucune necessite de changer de croyances, a un niveau ou a un autre, se fasse sentir. Grade Resource Tolerant. Autrement dit, cela signifie que l’on peut avoir C i P pour tous les individus i du groupe et simultanement C i C G Q pour tous les individus i du groupe, ce que nous avons appele anterieurement « l’effet Reagan » (Orlean [1999], 79-81), sans qu’apparaissent des forces de rappel qui viendraient supprimer l’ecart entre croyances personnelles et croyance sociale.

Notons qu’il en est tout autrement lorsqu’on considere des croyances sociales selon la definition (i1). Essay Of Values In Present Day Education. Dans ce cas, il n’y a pas d’autonomie de la croyance sociale au sens ou l’ecart entre les croyances individuelles et les croyances sociales ne peut pas exister, sauf a supposer des croyances erronees. 12 9 Essay Grade Teaching Tolerant World. A nouveau, s’affirme le fait que c’est dans la definition (i2) que se trouve la conception la riche et la plus innovante. Have To My Parents. Grace a la propriete d’autonomie qui la caracterise, se modifie en profondeur notre maniere de comprendre les interactions economiques. 12 9 Essay Grade Teaching World. Elle met au jour une logique d’un type nouveau, en rupture avec le modele individualiste classique qui voit la representation collective comme « somme » des opinions individuelles. Slides Web. Desormais, deux niveaux et deux logiques coexistent dont on essay teaching world doit analyser l’articulation. L’analyse des jeux de coordination permet de bien comprendre pourquoi il en est ainsi. Academic English Essay. En effet, elle nous a montre qu’il fallait soigneusement distinguer entre ce que l’individu pense vraiment et son choix effectif.

Cela tient a la nature meme de l’interaction consideree qui recompense, non pas ceux qui auraient « raison » et repondraient « correctement » a la question posee, si tant est qu’on puisse donner un sens a cette notion, mais ceux qui reussissent a prevoir au mieux les mouvements de l’opinion majoritaire. Essay Grade Resource. Cette distinction appliquee aux marches financiers permet d’eviter les jugements hatifs d’irrationalite qui sont frequemment proferes a rencontre des investisseurs financiers, par exemple lorsqu’on constate une deconnexion importante entre le prix cote et ce que la communaute des economistes considere comme etant l’evaluation fondamentale. Culture Essay Media Popular. Prenons le cas d’une monnaie deja sous-evaluee qui fait neanmoins l’objet d’un important mouvement de ventes sur le marche des changes, conduisant a une sous-evaluation encore plus grande. Essay Resource Tolerant. On reproche alors aux cambistes d’etre irrationnels au sens ou ils evalueraient mal la valeur fondamentale de la devise en question. I Should Have To My. Une telle hypothese ne tient pas. Resource Teaching Tolerant. Elle n’est d’ailleurs pas necessaire.

Les cambistes, comme tout un chacun, peuvent parfaitement savoir que la monnaie est sous-evaluee et pourtant continuer a la vendre. Format Meaning. En effet, ce qui compte pour eux lorsqu’ils interviennent sur le marche n’est pas ce qu’ils pensent etre la vraie valeur de la monnaie, autant qu’ils en peuvent juger, mais ce qu’ils anticipent que le marche va faire. Grade Resource World. Sur un marche, on culture essay popular fait du profit quand on resource teaching tolerant reussit a prevoir correctement l’evolution de l’opinion du groupe. Format Meaning. Telle est la regle du jeu. Grade Resource. On ne demande pas aux agents d’avoir raison et d’estimer au mieux la valeur fondamentale. Media Society. De ce point de vue, la declaration qui suit provenant d’un cambiste interroge au moment de la forte baisse de l’euro en septembre 2000 est tout a fait revelatrice de la dichotomie entre evaluation personnelle sur une base fondamentaliste et choix d’investissement. Resource Teaching World. On y voit un individu intimement persuade du caractere sous-evalue de l’euro, mais expliquant qu’il est neanmoins tenu a vendre s’il ne veut pas perdre de l’argent : « L’operateur que je suis a beau croire a une appreciation de l’euro, il ne fait pas le poids lorsqu’il constate qu’un peu partout les positions des autres intervenants sur le marche des changes sont a la vente de l’euro. Academic English Essay. Du meme coup, meme si j’estime que l’euro merite d’etre plus cher par rapport au dollar, j’hesite toujours a acheter la devise europeenne. 12 9 Resource World. En effet, si je suis le seul acheteur d’euros face a cinquante intervenants vendeurs, je suis sur d’y laisser des plumes… Je ne fais pas forcement ce que je crois intimement, mais plutot ce que je crois que fera globalement le marche qui in essay on deterioration of values in present day education, fine l’emportera.

Le travail de l’operateur est de tenter d’evaluer au plus juste le sentiment du marche des devises [10] [10] Liberation, 8 septembre 2000, p. Resource Teaching Tolerant World. 24. As Communication Culture Essay Media Media Popular Society. . Essay Resource Teaching. » Malgre sa conviction personnelle d’une sous-evaluation, ce cambiste joue a la baisse et c’est la un comportement parfaitement rationnel : s’il avait achete de l’euro, il aurait fait des pertes ! Une premiere maniere de concevoir cette situation consiste a suivre l’interpretation que nous en propose le cambiste interroge. Format. Il oppose deux evaluations, l’evaluation fondamentaliste et la croyance du marche pensee sous sa forme (i1), i.e . Essay Teaching World. comme etant la croyance du plus grand nombre des cambistes. Culture Popular. Dans un tel cadre, l’individu interroge justifie son suivisme par le fait qu’il existe un grand nombre d’investisseurs vendeurs, tres exactement « cinquante intervenants vendeurs » qui determinent la croyance du marche. Essay Grade Teaching Tolerant World. Selon cette analyse, ces « cinquante intervenants » vendent parce qu’ils pensent que l’euro est surapprecie. Essay Format Meaning. C’est donc une conception erronee du point de vue des fondamentaux qui les conduit a vendre. 12 9 Essay Grade Teaching. Face a ce fait accompli, notre cambiste n’a plus aucun choix. English Essay. Il ne peut que se plier au diktat inadequat de l’opinion majoritaire. Essay Resource Teaching. Si l’on retient cette interpretation, nous n’observons pas ce que nous avons appele « autonomie des croyances sociales », c’est-a-dire une situation ou, pour tous les acteurs, est observe un ecart entre leur opinion personnelle et leur croyance sociale. Analysis Vocabulary. En effet, dans le cadre de l’interpretation proposee par le cambiste interroge, pour les « cinquante vendeurs », croyance personnelle et croyance sociale convergent parfaitement pour prevoir une baisse future de l’euro. 12 9 Resource Tolerant World. C’est seulement le cambiste interroge qui constate un ecart entre son evaluation fondamentaliste et la croyance du marche.

Cette absence d’autonomie n’a rien d’etonnant. Academic English. Elle est une consequence du fait que nous avons considere l’interpretation du cambiste et que cette interpretation s’appuie sur une interpretation (i1) de la croyance du marche. Cette interpretation n’est pas necessairement fausse. 12 9 Essay World. Il se peut, dans telle ou telle conjoncture financiere donnee, qu’il existe, en effet, sur le marche des investisseurs naifs, mal informes ou irrationnels. Slides Web. C’est la une question de fait. Essay Resource Teaching. S’il en est ainsi, la bulle baissiere sur l’euro s’interprete aisement par le fait qu’il existe un grand nombre d’investisseurs ignorants. Slides Web. Cependant, il faut bien voir que cette interpretation laisse un point central dans l’ombre : pourquoi les cinquante intervenants se trompent-ils ? Quel mecanisme permet-il d’expliquer qu’une meme erreur se soit propagee au sein du marche ? Aussi, est-il interessant de faire valoir une analyse alternative qui abandonne la dissymetrie suspecte entre notre cambiste parfaitement rationnel et un marche constitue d’operateurs obtus.

Selon cette nouvelle interpretation, les cinquante autres intervenants agissent de maniere identique a notre cambiste : comme lui, ils se conduisent de maniere autoreferentielle, a partir de leur propre croyance sociale quant au fonctionnement du marche. 12 9 Resource Teaching Tolerant World. Mais, conformement a l’analyse precedente, la croyance sociale qu’il faut considerer repond a la definition (i2) et non (i1) : « chacun croit que le marche croit a la baisse de l’euro ». Essay On Deterioration Of Values In Present Day Education. Dans une telle perspective, chacun est identiquement rationnel, agissant en fonction d’une meme croyance quant aux comportements des autres. World. Il n’y a pas cinquante intervenants « farouchement » vendeurs, mais cinquante cambistes qui, reflechissant a ce que vont faire les autres intervenants, parmi lesquels se trouve le trader interroge par Liberation , anticipent qu’ils vont vendre. Popular Society. Si on 12 9 essay grade resource tolerant les interrogeait, ils feraient remarquer a leur tour qu’il ne sert a rien d’aller a contre courant d’un marche aussi determine dans son aveuglement. Culture Media Media Popular Society. Et ils auraient raison. Teaching Tolerant. La vraie croyance ici ne porte pas sur la valeur de l’euro, mais sur le fait que « chacun croit dans le caractere baissier du marche. As Communication Culture Essay Media. » On reconnait alors notre situation de deconnexion entre les croyances privees, toutes convaincues du caractere sous-apprecie de l’euro, et la croyance sociale au sens (i2) selon laquelle le marche croit a la baisse. Essay Resource Teaching. On a C i P pour tous les individus i du groupe, ou P est la proposition « l’euro est sous-apprecie » et simultanement C i C G Q pour tous les individus i du groupe, ou Q est la proposition « l’euro est surapprecie ». Essay Meaning. Si chacun croit que « chacun croit a la baisse », alors chacun sera vendeur et le marche baissera effectivement en validant ex post la croyance initiale. Grade Teaching World. On retrouve le phenomene de prophetie autorealisatrice. Culture Popular. Dans une telle situation, une bulle emerge sans qu’il ait ete necessaire de supposer la presence d’acteurs irrationnels. Grade Teaching Tolerant. Chacun est parfaitement rationnel, dans ses evaluations privees et dans son evaluation du marche.

Il n’est pas besoin de supposer des evaluations erronees. Essay. Il suffit que tous les acteurs se referent dans leurs choix a un certain modele de marche, pense comme exprimant une logique separee. Les investisseurs qui n’ont l’impression que de reagir a ce modele de marche, se voient alors tout a fait confirmes dans leur idee d’une autonomie du marche, puisque malgre leur croyance generalisee dans le caractere surapprecie de l’euro, celui-ci continue a baisser. 12 9 Grade Teaching Tolerant World. Cette autonomie leur parait d’autant plus indeniable que l’evolution observee ne trouve pas dans l’analyse fondamentaliste une explication coherente. Slides Web. Aussi, loin de produire un ajustement de la croyance sociale aux opinions privees, cette situation conduit a renforcer encore la croyance sociale qui s’impose comme seule explication plausible. 12 9 Grade Resource Teaching. L’experience du marche valide l’hypothese d’une autonomie de l’evaluation collective [11] [11] Cette configuration enigmatique dans laquelle les informations. As Communication Culture Media. . 12 9 Essay Resource Teaching World. A tous les niveaux, les croyances se voient confirmees : en effet, l’evaluation fondamentale de l’euro est sous-appreciee ; en effet, le marche croit a la baisse ; en effet, l’euro baisse ; en effet, le marche se comporte de maniere autonome, c’est-a-dire deconnecte des appreciations fondamentalistes. La notion de rationalite cognitive donne lieu a de nombreuses elaborations, comme le demontre pleinement le present numero de la Revue d’Economie Politique . I Should To My Parents. Il faut s’en rejouir. Essay Grade Resource World. Le champ est vaste et a trop longtemps ete laisse en friche par la theorie economique traditionnelle. Essay I Should Have. Pour notre part, nous avons voulu montrer en quoi la notion de croyance sociale s’imposait a l’analyse economique pour penser nombre de situations importantes.

Cette perspective de recherche peut servir deux finalites convergentes : d’une part, reequilibrer des approches cognitivistes traditionnellement centrees sur la cognition individuelle au detriment de la cognition sociale ; d’autre part, permettre un dialogue entre l’economie et les autres sciences sociales, telles la sociologie, l’anthropologie et l’histoire, qui ont beaucoup a nous apprendre sur ces sujets. Au moins deux auteurs participant au present numero se referent explicitement a la notion de « rationalite cognitive » et en proposent des definitions precises : Raymond Boudon et Bernard Walliser. Dans la traduction francaise proposee par La Revue Francaise d’Economie , on 12 9 essay teaching trouve ecrit : « etudie son propre environnement » la ou, dans la version anglaise, on as communication essay media media popular society trouve « survey the 12 9 grade resource teaching tolerant whole field ». Essay Media Popular Society. L’ambiguite est totale et nous avons prefere modifier la traduction en consequence. Une analyse tout a fait similaire aurait pu etre menee en partant de la notion d’efficience financiere. 12 9 Essay Grade. On aurait montre (1) que celle-ci est « impossible » pour reprendre le titre d’un article celebre (Grossman et Stiglitz [1980]) et (2) que, dans le cadre de prix informationnellement inefficients, seule modelisation desormais acceptable, les agents pour ne pas commettre d’erreurs d’interpretation doivent pouvoir connaitre l’action d’autres operateurs (Gennotte et Leland [1990]) ; (3) ce qui a conduit a l’etrange notion de « sunshine trading », a savoir l’annonce publique de certains ordres (Admati et Pfleiderer [1991]). Essay Media Popular Society. Autrement dit, se trouve reconnue la necessite d’en savoir plus que les prix.

CQFD. Cette idee selon laquelle « l’hypothese de rationalite est en elle-meme faible » est defendue par Kenneth Arrow ([1987], p. 12 9 Grade Teaching Tolerant World. 206). Culture Culture Media Popular. Le theoreme de Sonnenschein lui fournit une illustration exemplaire de ce point. Essay Resource Teaching World. Mais les exemples ne manquent pas. Slides Web. On pense a l’article de Boldrin et Montrucchio [1986] ou il est montre que l’optimisation dynamique intertemporelle est compatible avec toute forme de sentier dynamique pour l’economie, sans exception, y compris des chaos. Grade Resource Teaching Tolerant World. Autrement dit, supposer que les individus sont rationnels ne limitent en rien l’ensemble des cheminements economiques possibles ! En fait, entrent dans cette categorie toutes les propositions dans lesquelles on process essay attribue des qualites a des objets collectifs, par exemple « les voitures allemandes sont meilleures que les voitures francaises » ou « le mark est une monnaie forte ». Le fait d’utiliser un terme aussi vague que « une grande partie du groupe », ou encore « presque tout le groupe » ou « presque tous les membres du groupe », demandera a etre precise dans des travaux ulterieurs. Grade Tolerant. Dans le cadre de cet article, nous resterons volontairement flou et imprecis sur ce point. Analysis Essay Vocabulary. On peut lire toute la suite de l’article en remplacant « une grande partie du groupe » par « tous les membres du groupe ». Pour plus de precision, se reporter a Mehta et alii [1994].

Le jeu effectivement propose par Kreps est un peu different et notablement plus complique. 12 9 Essay Grade Resource Tolerant. J’en presente une version simplifiee qui conduit aux memes conclusions mais evite une presentation inutilement longue. En fait, dans la plupart des situations, chacun sait ou suppose un certain nombre de qualites communes, comme parler la meme langue, celle dans laquelle l’experimentation est faite. Liberation , 8 septembre 2000, p. Essay Have Listened. 24. Cette configuration enigmatique dans laquelle les informations privees ne reussissent pas a modifier le choix collectif n’est pas sans equivalent dans la litterature theorique. 12 9 Resource Tolerant World. Dans les situations de type « electronic mail game » (Rubinstein [1989]), on slides web observe des blocages similaires au sens ou l’echange de messages entre deux individus, aussi nombreux soientils, ne reussit pas a engendrer la connaissance commune necessaire a une certaine action des deux joueurs. Essay Resource Teaching. Les cascades informationnelles ont egalement cette propriete.

Cet article plaide pour la necessaire ouverture de la theorie economique aux representations individuelles et collectives, ce qui est appele « tournant cognitif ». Essay Format. Dans une premiere partie, on essay resource tolerant world montre que la rationalite instrumentale ne fournit pas un cadre adequat pour penser cette activite cognitive. Essay Format Meaning. Il faut alors introduire l’idee d’une rationalite cognitive distincte de la rationalite instrumentale. 12 9 Grade Resource. Cette necessite s’impose des lors qu’on remarque que les modeles a anticipations rationnelles conduisent structurellement a des equilibres multiples. I Should To My Parents. Autrement dit, les criteres de la rationalite instrumentale sont trop faibles des lors qu’il s’agit de determiner precisement la maniere dont les agents forment leurs representations. Essay Grade Teaching World. Dans une seconde partie, on academic essay avance la notion de « croyance sociale » pour penser ces representations collectives.

D’une part, on 12 9 essay montre que leur formation depend etroitement des contextes culturels et historiques. Academic English Essay. D’autre part, on 12 9 essay teaching tolerant etablit que ces croyances sociales ne peuvent pas etre pensees comme la « somme » des croyances privees : celles-la sont dotees d’une forte autonomie par rapport a celles-ci. rationalite cognitive croyance commune jeu de coordination point focal saillance a la Schelling anticipation rationnelle croyance sociale reperes communs. Summary This article argues for i should listened to my parents, the need to essay grade resource tolerant, integrate beliefs the as communication culture media popular individual and essay world, collective levels in slides web, economic theory, something which is teaching tolerant world referred to essay of values in present day education, as a cognitive turning point. 12 9 Resource Teaching. In the on deterioration of values in present day education first section of the essay grade tolerant article, we show that instrumental rationality does not offer an academic english essay adequate framework for essay resource, analysing this sort of slides web, cognitive activity.

Rather, what is essay grade teaching world needed is vocabulary a notion of essay world, cognitive rationality which is essay have listened parents distinct from essay resource world, instrumental rationality. Of Values In Present. This necessity appears clearly when we look at grade tolerant world rational expectations models. Essay To My Parents. As a rule, these models have multiple equilibria. 12 9 Resource Teaching. This implies that the essay have listened to my criteria of 12 9 grade teaching tolerant, instrumental rationality is essay on deterioration of values in present day education too weak to 12 9 tolerant world, specify the essay way people forms their representations of the essay grade teaching world world. Slides Web. In the grade resource teaching tolerant second section, we introduce the on deterioration of values in present concept of 12 9 essay tolerant, social belief. Slides Web. We show that the essay resource tolerant world formation of essay i should to my, social beliefs is essay grade resource tolerant world closely related to slides web, the cultural and 12 9 essay grade resource tolerant, historic context. Essay Of Values In Present Day Education. We conclude by essay resource world demonstrating that social beliefs cannot be thought of meaning, as the essay grade teaching world direct result of slides web, individual beliefs : there are in 12 9 teaching world, part autonomous from to my, individual beliefs. Classification JEL : A1, B5, C7. cognitive rationality common belief coordination game focal point Schelling salience rational expectation social belief common reference.

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Teaching for a tolerant world, grades 9-12: essays and resources

Research Topics in English Literature. Research topics on English Literature initially start off broad and then narrow down and you come up with your thesis. Using any of the research topics listed to 12 9 grade teaching the left (gender, comparisons, historical background, politics, and religion) can take you almost anywhere. Analysis Vocabulary! Choose your general topic based on your literature class you're writing for. 12 9 Essay Grade Resource Tolerant! If it's a class focused on gender, start there and then branch out to essay of values something like my example of how the roles of men and women are portrayed.

Knowing first your general topic and then what kind of 12 9 essay grade world, essay or paper you're researching for format meaning, (argumentative, persuasive, etc.) can help you decide what to do with it next when it comes to grade resource teaching tolerant world narrowing it down. Remember this isn't concrete. Your topic can grow and slides web, completely change as you research. Choosing the literature topic is just the key to getting started. Advice for Writing Papers or Essays. If you've chosen your research topic and need help writing your paper, check out my hub on a book that just might be your savior that also gives some writing advice based on the book. Topics For English Literature Research Essays. When it comes to English Literature, there's no end to the topics that you can research on grade teaching tolerant world that novel or other piece that you've been reading. The easiest way to get an idea for that next research topic on essay English literature for 12 9 resource teaching tolerant world, your essay is to start broad and then work toward making it more specific and interesting for your readers.

Here are a few examples of research topics in literature to get you started (for a more extensive list of slides web, research topics in literature, please check out the link that can be found at 12 9 grade resource, the bottom of this article): How are the roles of men and women portrayed in essay, the novel? Are they distinctly different? Do they have equal rights? What gender expectations do they follow or fight against? 2. Comparisons between genres. How does each genre tell its story? What are the differences and similarities between the teaching, two? Is one more effective than the english, other? Who is the resource, author and what is their story? Were there controversies associated with him/her or their work?

What is the significance of this novel in the time it was written? How does it reflect the society and essay format meaning, beliefs of its time? What issues in politics does this novel address? Discrimination? Rights?

Equality? How is this novel religious? What beliefs is essay grade teaching tolerant, it promoting or questioning? 6. Comparisons between two characters. This can be between characters in on deterioration of values day education, the same novel or two different ones. How are their differences and similarities important to the novel? 7. Comparisons between two novels. If the novels seem completely different but represent the same genre or come from the same time period, this may be something you want to explore. 8. 12 9 Essay Teaching Tolerant! Allusions within the novel. What are some significant allusions within the process essay, novel? These could be religious, refer to other novels or authors, etc.

How is this important to 12 9 resource tolerant world understanding the novel and its place in English Literature? What are some of the most notable criticisms out there? What is your response and how does it compare to other critics out there? What are important symbols in essay format, the novel? How are they significant? English Literature Research Projects. The following can also be used for any other type of research projects for English Literature where you need to find your own topic. How to 12 9 essay grade teaching tolerant Find an English Topic to as communication Research For Any Project. So, you’ve finally made it to your last year at your university and you’ve got one last thing to do before you leave: the dreaded Capstone Project.

Have no fear; although it is time consuming and stressful work, it is possible to turn all that work into something fun, as long as you choose the right topic in English literature to essay grade world write about. The key to english essay going out with a bang with a fantastic Capstone is to essay grade teaching tolerant choose something you actually care about. Of all the aspects of this project, choosing the right research topic is absolutely key. Choose the wrong one, and you may not meet the requirements or, worse, you may dislike it enough to have to change it halfway through the class. For the first time in four years, teachers are giving you the reigns and having you decide what you want to analysis write about. No more prompts telling you what to do, except for the guidelines for your project, and no more focusing on one aspect of a novel that the prof tells you to. So don’t freak out, think of essay resource world, it as the best part of your university experience yet. Now’s the time to show your stuff and let everyone see how much of a successful English literature nerd you’ve turned out to be. If you can do it yourself, you’ve proved yourself worthy of that snazzy degree they’re about to hand you in a couple months. Of course if you’ve made it to this point, there’s no way you’re not worthy. Example of a Researched Essay in academic english, English Literature.

My Capstone class was titled “The Age of Novels” and focused on the rise of the novel during the eighteenth century. Grade! Basically, we looked at as communication culture media popular society, how the novel developed into 12 9 essay resource, what we see as a novel today, considering how writers presented and executed their works of fiction, who influenced them, and how they influenced others. We also looked at literary techniques such as psychological realism and the differing roles of men and women in the formation of this most popular form of writing. My class was focused on slides web topics such as psychological realism and essay grade world, gender roles so this is something that I kept in the back of my mind as I read through the novel I chose to research. How to Get Started on an English Literature Paper. I’m going to use my own experience in the Capstone Project as an essay on deterioration of values in present, example for how to grade resource tolerant choose a research topic in English literature. I know your Capstone won’t be on the same topic, but it’s still important to know the basic focus of the class in essay format, order to get to your literature research topic. Look at the prompt for your English class and see what sticks out to you. After reading through the required reading in my class, I decided to veer away from novels of formal realism and go into 12 9 grade teaching world, the Gothic realm with M.G.

Lewis’s The Monk , which was completely unexplored in the class. Slides Web! Not only do I love Gothic literature, but this was a great way for resource tolerant world, me to draw comparisons with the books of the slides web, same period without doing the same old thing we were doing in the classroom. I was killing two birds with one stone, as they say; getting to 12 9 grade teaching tolerant read a novel in essay on deterioration, the genre I’m most interested in while still exploring the same prompts the class was focused on. Sometimes, if you're stuck on essay grade teaching world an English literature research topic, starting at a completely new angle can help you find something really interesting to work on. After you get to know the ins and outs of what your class is about, it's easy to go off in slides web, another direction and work your way back into what you've been learning about.

This journey can bring you into whole new realm of possibilities to research. How to grade resource tolerant Brainstorm Writing Ideas for format, Essays. Now, as you read the essay teaching world, book of your choice (or your professor's), focus on one or more aspects from your English literature class prompt so that your research topic relates to the actual class you’re taking. Slides Web! I decided to essay tolerant world focus on essay format meaning chastity within the novel and how the gothic novel portrays male and female chastity versus the novels of formal realism. This English literature research topic took a lot of 12 9 essay tolerant world, work to essay meaning get to. Don't be afraid of 12 9 essay resource teaching tolerant, setbacks or having to slides web start over. The best way initially is to grade resource teaching tolerant write down a broad topic to research and then list any information relevant to that topic. It doesn’t matter how insignificant the piece of information may seem, list it. Then go through and format meaning, see what interesting conclusions you can make from the information. Looking at gender, how are males portrayed versus females? Looking at genre, how is the gothic novel different from 12 9 essay grade teaching, a formal realism novel?

Putting things out on paper is the best way to essay i should have listened parents get it all out in the open and free your mind that’s jumbled with information. Once it's on paper, you can actually look at it all and 12 9 grade, piece it all into one neat picture (through words of course) that anyone can understand. Without doing this, it’s like trying to put together a puzzle with all of the process analysis, pieces turned down, so you aren’t sure which ones actually go together. Ideas on Getting a Research Topic. If the brainstorm step doesn't work for you, just write down any questions you have about the essay resource tolerant, novel.

If you noticed that there was a lot of religious references and ideas in the novel, maybe you'd be curious to know the author's biography and see how that plays a significant role in the piece. For my own example, I could have asked myself what is gothic or how did eighteenth century England define chastity? After this brief research, go back through your notes and essay of values in present, see if you can come up with an interesting topic you can do further research on for that English literature essay. Writing Research Essays in 12 9 essay teaching tolerant world, Literature. What is the most difficult part in writing a research paper in format, literature? Tips for Researching Topics on English Literature. Looking at what you’ve put together in your brainstorm, it’s easy to see where you need to do research on the novel. Essay Grade Resource Tolerant World! No one wants a paper full of as communication society, generalizations so take each topic you can't automatically define and start researching it. Do you know how to define gothic or formal realism? Research it.

What were the gender expectations for this time? Research it. You want to go as in depth into your topic as possible, which involves even more research than reading two or three novels. It also doesn’t help to essay resource tolerant learn some background on the author. Were they a rebel or a strict conservative?

Was this novel popular? How did it affect the essay, readers of its time? For example, Lewis was actually brought to court for The Monk because it was seen as a bad influence for his female readers. 12 9 Essay Tolerant! This is something not only interesting but relevant to the topic of female chastity in my chosen English literature research topic for my essay. Doing some background research on the novel like this can bring ideas together into academic, a thesis for your paper and lead you in a solid direction for your actual research for 12 9 grade teaching tolerant world, your paper. If you haven’t finally figured something out by this point, you may have to consult your professor.

Outline of an Example for an English Research Essay. Thesis: Lewis’s novel completely undoes the essay listened parents, plots, tropes, and principles of Richardson and Fielding’s formal realism, not only through its use of superstition and other Gothic elements, but also in the development and resolution of 12 9 teaching world, each of these character’s stories. I Should Have! Instead of providing a positive example, The Monk gives a horrifying one to instill fear in its readership to preserve the same virtue. 1. What is a gothic novel? 2. 12 9 Essay Grade Resource Tolerant World! Pamela Andrews. 3. Joseph Andrews. 4. What is formal realism? 5. What is a gothic novel?

6. Gothic novel versus formal realism. 8. Joseph Andrews. 10. Pamela Andrews. How do you know it's a good research topic on English literature? Test it with an outline.

If you aren’t sure you’ve got the right topic to come up with a twenty-some-odd page essay, outline what you’ve got so far. I like to do a very basic outline, starting with my thesis (in its rough draft form of academic english, course) at the very top. Next I write what each paragraph will be about. If it’s a twenty page paper, you may write about two to three paragraphs a page so you will need to have at least 10 paragraphs. Knowing what each paragraph is supposed to be about, making writing their topic sentences a little easier. Sometimes you may find that a research topic is broad enough to be able to split into two paragraphs, this is handy if you couldn’t initially list at least ten topics. For example, just saying Pamela Andrews for one of essay grade world, my paragraph topics doesn't cover what I want to say. I may just give a brief overview of as communication media, her character or provide why her character is significant to 12 9 essay tolerant formal realism. Example of a research topic turning into a topic sentence: 1. What is a gothic novel? “It is important, when studying this novel, to slides web examine what defines a Gothic novel in relation to eighteenth-century definitions of novel-writing.”.

This leads to questions of “why is 12 9 resource world, this important?” and, of course, “what is Gothic?” which brings you into the paragraph and gives you your first two major points you need to cover. Just remember that the english, key to essay resource teaching world choosing a research topic for English Literature is to start broad. Read the novel and remember to focus on your own class's focus or on whatever interests you most. From there, you can branch out to essay format meaning almost any research topic, it just takes some work to get there. List of Research Paper Topics in Literature. The amount of potential research paper topics in literature are nearly endless. Here is a good start at coming up with topics of your own with a few examples for inspiration.

The Gothic Novel: What is Gothic Literature? What Is Style in teaching world, English Literature? 100 Current Events Research Paper Topics with Research Links. by Virginia Kearney 16. How to Write an Evaluation Paper with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 16. How to Write a Proposal Essay/Paper. by Laura Writes 40. 100 Argument or Position Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 37. 100 Science Topics for Research Papers.

by Virginia Kearney 108. shah zaib yousafzai 5 weeks ago. Helpful information to write a research paper. I want to slect symbolism in tale of format meaning, two cities by Charles Dickens. But couldn't find out the exact statement. . Can you help me plz. very informative it help me a lot of selecting an topic for my master proposal article thanks you so much. Plz suggest any topic about English literature for my project.

any good topic about the difficulties of students in 12 9 essay grade world, English subject? sir i do want to get help regarding my topic for i should have parents, reseach,would you plz help me. Jannat butt 4 months ago. I need a good and easy topic for my synopsis in essay teaching world, English literature plzzzx help me any one. i need a research about (the old man and the sea)theme of hope , please any one help me. khalidmehmood 6 months ago. please help to suggest the topic about english literature,, i want to media society write a thesis . very helpful informations thank you so much. Carolinrini 8 months ago. I have taken the changeling and the duchess of malfi comparison as my research topic can u pls help me.

Really useful and genuine. I need a current topic for 12 9 grade teaching world, research in English Language rather than Literature. I need a good topic on Literature. Please help me anyone.. For sometime now, I hardly read, just scan, but this one I did. Very cohesively propounded on the art of writing. For those still seeking help, like myself: 1-need to slides web read the teaching, text. 2-get familiar with the main events. 3-know the characters.

4-the various roles played by the characters. 5-overall impression of the text - tragic,comic,tragic-comic,none. 6-get the academic english, undertone on grade : politics,gender,economy,religion; read on the period of the writer; compare with yours. 7-note the various plots within the main. 8-be aware of the process analysis, language impact with reference to the readers' and writer's time. 9-read on current affairs - find the topics most interest you. 10-befit the topic in your text.

Hopefully you guessed the right one. Dr Anupma Srivastava 3 years ago from India. Informative hub. 12 9 Essay Resource World! It is really very tough to choose topic for essay meaning, writing. Very informative and helpful for the beginners/strugglers . you have put your ideas in a very systematic manner that will help others to essay teaching tolerant world choose their topics of research. thanks. Please share more topics. plzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzz suggest me any good english literature topics for my thesis and also for my two friends ,i have to academic english essay submit my thesis in the first week of july. I hate research papers, especially for English literature, but this was really helpful for me to come up with my own essay topic. Omg you saved me.

My teacher told me I had to come up with 4 research topics on English Literature to write about over the next month. I am a fan of English Literature but I had no idea how to go about finding research topics on the subject. and now I do. Thanks, Lisa! bhise pradeep 4 years ago. It is 12 9 essay teaching world, wonderful page. very useful tostudent. busyguru 5 years ago from U.S. Wonderful advice on organizing your thought process before committing concrete idea to essay on deterioration of values day education paper. Essay Resource Teaching! :)

ravindrapatil 5 years ago. good ideas for beginners in the area of research in English studies and i should listened to my, encouraging at the same time. thank you! James Paterson 5 years ago from Scotland. Great Ideas and information, thanks for sharing. jimmy. LisaKoski 5 years ago from WA. Thank you! I fixed the typo ;)

Cheds 5 years ago from Maine. This is a wonderful hub packed full with information that will be useful to 12 9 grade tolerant world me, and many others. Nice work! You do have one typo at the beginning. You left out the T in Suggested. I Should! Woops! Joan Whetzel 5 years ago. For my college Lit class, my topic was a comparison of short stories by O. Henry. Though therer are plenty of other authors our there who have written short stories that can also be compared. I love your other suggestions though, and like angela_michelle, I wish I'd had this article available when I took that lit class.

Angela Michelle Schultz 5 years ago from United States. Oh boy, if only had I had this when I was going for 12 9 essay teaching tolerant world, my english degree. Would have been so helpful. LOL Great job! Anastasia Kingsley 5 years ago from Croatia, Europe. Lots of as communication essay media, great detail, original photo (with lovely pink fingernails) and plenty of examples, much like a well thought out recipe. Bookmarked and voted up + beautiful. Judith Hancock 5 years ago from essay grade resource teaching tolerant world, UK.

There's lots of useful information, as well as some great practical examples. Process Analysis! This would be useful for anyone who was totally stuck with how to start their project or those who just wanted a bit of direction. Bev 5 years ago from Wales. Very comprehensive - lots of ideas for jumping-off points. I should imagine that mindmapping would be a good tool to be able to see patterns or links within the topic. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc. HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others.

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Teaching for a Tolerant World, Grades 9-12: Essays and Resources by

A for essay grade resource teaching tolerant, and against essay about the internet. Look at culture culture essay the essay and do the 12 9 grade teaching tolerant world exercises to essay on deterioration of values in present, improve your writing skills. Do the preparation exercise first. Then read the 12 9 grade resource teaching text and do the other exercises. As Communication Culture Culture Essay Media Popular Society! What's your opinion?

Do you think the internet is teaching tolerant bad for young people? For young people it is. They shoud be surervised while accessing the internet, because they might find pornographic content, violent content and such. Internet, an invention which still amazes people in is own way, is not always good. It has really bad side effects on young adults. Essay In Present! As in the essay, the essay grade resource tolerant world young people get addicted to online games and they become addicted to the internet quickly. As we can see, there are many more online games being made like Pokemon Go, etc. is really dangerous for essay i should to my parents, young people. I think it really should have a age limit. And also we must be strict about the rules of age limit on internet too. Grade Resource! I#039;m also a young adult but I find internet uninteresting and english dangerous so I approve of it having age limits. For YOUNG PEOPLE yes it is.

I think Internet is very useful in 12 9 grade resource teaching tolerant, schools and in analysis essay vocabulary, work. It#039;s also handy when you need to communicate. Grade Resource Tolerant World! On the other hand a lot of people are addicted from sites like facbook, twitter or instagram. I also agree that learning on the internet (like here ont the i should have listened to my parents british council ;) ) is very usefull . So in 12 9 essay teaching tolerant world, conclusion internet is possibly the most usefull thing that we ever invented. :) I agree with all of you, but what about learning how to play a musical instrument? I think internet can be very good for teenagers because it helps them a lot especially for process analysis, essays, projects and homeworks, but it can be also very bad because children spend too much time online. I like internet because I can listen to songs onYouTube and I use British Councile:) Hi BigBen6464.

I'm glad to hear that you enjoy practising English here :) Is there anything in 12 9 essay grade resource tolerant, particular that you like on essay vocabulary the site? Jonathan (LearnEnglish Teens Team) Thanks! I like your reading skills practice, stories about UK and What is it? in 12 9 teaching tolerant world, Study Break. Essay I Should To My Parents! British Council really helps me with my vocabulary. I love it! I think the internet is an amazing tool which can be used for equally amazing things, but only in the hands of the right person. One bad aspect of internet is that anyone could acess anything anytime. Essay Resource Teaching World! That means there is a lot of format, inappropriate content out there, but a good person is able to avoid it. In my opinion, though internet is 12 9 grade world very good and useful, but some young people use it for bad things.

Such as playing computer games and get addict with it. Many parents has banned the children not allowed to process vocabulary, play forever,1 week or a day or so. But they never keep their word because, of course, parents love their kids, that is grade resource tolerant why after just a while,they let their children play AGAIN with their games, so really though, I think internet is useful with good children,and it is essay of values bad with bad children. I totaly agree. It all depends from parents. If they let children to spend too much time online children will get a bad habit when they grow up. You#039;re quite right! I agree with your good comment in point: #039;I think internet is useful with good children, and it is bad with bad children#039;. !! :) In my opinion, Internet is one of the greatest people created.

You have an access to billions of libraries from your computer, you are able to grade teaching world, speak with your friends even if they are on the other side of the world. Many people work using the Internet. Now let#039;s mention disadvantages of the Internet and web-technologies. Firstly, many people nowadays become addicted and process analysis essay vocabulary can#039;t survive for more than an hour without computer or smartphone. They need to publish their photos in social networks, chat with 7 people in one moment and read new posts in their favourite online communities. Young people sometimes find their online-life better than the real one. Essay Resource Teaching Tolerant! The second disadvantage is essay format meaning that nobody can guarantee the safety of your personal data. Everyone has heard stories about hackers that published private and scandal photos of data base of the big company. It#039;s not really pleasant to know that somebody can easily find out all your secrets. To sum up, Internrt is a wonderful tool for essay grade teaching, searching the necessary information, but social networks is quite tricky part of World Wide Web. I think the internet very useful for us .bcz we can get anything without spend alot of time in i should listened to my, looking it . everything when we use it excessively and more than usually #039;it will be badthing.

Well, we must admit that on 12 9 essay grade resource tolerant this perfectly imperfect planet nothing entirely good or entirely bad exists. Internet is included. Surely it was meant for connecting people from all continents, but as the human mind has no border line we found out how to use it for different things that provide us either with information or amusement. It is said that the Internet is a good servant but a bad master. Essay! Therefore, we can see that the problem isn#039;t in the Internet itself but rather in the humans, as it is 12 9 essay teaching tolerant us who are using it and who are asked FOR WHAT we are using it. So for our irresponsibility we shouldn#039;t blame the Internet but ourselves as we are unable to use a powerful tool for slides web, our own improvement but we use it for our own unwanted degradation. I think that#039;s quite right!!

Nowadays, Internet has been the most important thing in mutimedia life. Personally, l consider that the internet is bad or not,which depends on users. I think the Internet is something that we have to know, and we should know what is good and essay world bad for essay format meaning, us, and keep ourselves away from what can damage ourselves in any way. I think it is the essay resource tolerant same for young people, we have to be responsible, because the essay format Internet is essay resource a tool that helps us either with the in present school, or with any ordinary situation. i think internet is useful for everyone. 12 9 Resource Teaching Tolerant World! If it was a bad thing, something awful, it would have changed instead of reaching the whole world. Essay Format! Is something crazy, used 24hrs a day, everyday of the 12 9 resource world week, a lot of information, and a lot of people online. About teenagers who are addicted to games, that depends on essay on deterioration of values each family.

Parents could create rules, so no one would be in a bad position. Essay Resource Tolerant! And that also depends on the teenager#039;s sense of meaning, what he or she can or can#039;t do. It#039;s impossible to live without internet in a society like nowdays, it#039;s just so easy to make a research, work on a project. c#039;mon, does anyone here wants to spend hours and hours looking for few informations? Internet is useful for everyone, for young and old people. There#039;s a lot of sites that can help us a lot. But, today Internet ha gone too far away. Almost, there#039;s no home without the internet(more than 70% in essay grade resource teaching tolerant, whole world are with internet). Yes, there are a good and essay have listened parents a bad sites on the Internet. Essay Grade Resource Teaching Tolerant World! We have different web-sites(Facebook,Tumlr, Twitter, Instagram. Analysis Essay Vocabulary! ) that shows us a different world. We can learn a lot of essay grade tolerant world, things (English, French. ) and a lot of other things. But we all know that Internet isn#039;t so much safe.Even if we think that we have good hide it our information, we don#039;t.

There#039;s a lot of dangerous people in the world. To sum up, I completely agree with essay. No, i don`t thing internet bad for young people, because there is academic english essay many information in the internet. In my opinion, I dont think Internet is bad for people. Without the Internet, I cannot learn language (English) by myself and I wouldn#039;t be able to access to lots of useful information that school doesn#039;t teach me. On the other hand, internet is bad only when people dont know how to essay grade resource teaching tolerant world, use it wisely. If young people use the Internet for studying and relaxing in proper way, internet would be very useful. To me, the internet#039;s the most wonderful tool that human had created.

In my own perspective, the Internet plays an important role in the communicating barrier. As you can see, people all around the world are using the Internet, including the elderly. We communicate with each other using the internet and it really helps us to process analysis vocabulary, stay connected with one another. Besides, without the internet, how are the countries going to develop? Our knowledge and the view to the outside world, the perspective to the outside of our comfort zone will be just limited, like a frog in the well. So, why not?

The internet is the best connection between an individual to the whole wide world. It#039;s definitely a boon. Internet is very usefull for us. Internet is particularly useful for everyone, nearly all things are on the internet, you can get anything by only searching on it. Internet seems becoming really important nowadays, it helps people a lot, for example i use internet for learning English, reading news and 12 9 grade resource teaching doing research for my tasks. However, internet also can give many bad effects, people become so fanatical on social media and format often forget about time and everything they should do.

I completely disagree that internet is bad for teenagers, internet can be useful or useless, it depends on the way people use the essay teaching tolerant world internet. How does this photo make you feel? Can you write a caption for it? . Look carefully. What's this everyday object? Play Wordshake and see how many points can you get in 3 minutes. © British Council The United Kingdom's international organisation for cultural relations and educational opportunities.

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Cosmetology Essays and 12 9 resource tolerant world Research Papers. Cosmetology What is as communication culture media popular, cosmetology and why did I choose it? Cosmetology is the study of grade world beauty treatment. . There are different branches of cosmetology : hairstyling, skin care, cosmetics, manicure/pedicures, and electrology. General cosmetology in the United States mainly focuses on essay on deterioration of values, hairstyling, but they still teach you other things involving cosmetology . I choose this job because I felt that it would be an 12 9 essay grade tolerant, interesting topic to as communication culture media popular society, research about. 12 9 Grade Tolerant World! I wanted to learn more about what it is about and.

Cosmetics , Cosmetology , Personal care and service occupations 791 Words | 3 Pages. Esmeralda Barocio-Mendoza Mrs. English! Looney Senior Project, Period 3 October 7, 2013 Cosmetology What is the definition of beauty?What . defines beauty? What is it to essay tolerant world, be beautiful? Beauty is confidence.

Many people in the celebrity world view beauty as one’s physical appearance. Essay Meaning! They are not wrong: there is 12 9 essay grade tolerant, a physical beauty, but people fail to realize their inner beauty. confidence has been shown in many makeover shows such as Extreme Makeover to make peoples beauty increase dramatically. Confidence. Cosmetics , Cosmetology , Human physical appearance 2287 Words | 6 Pages. Experiencing Cosmetology Cosmetology is fun and format It’s a great way to express your creativity. There are so many styles and 12 9 essay . ways to do things in cosmetology . Slides Web! I’ve always loved to do hair and 12 9 essay resource teaching tolerant make-up, I like to analysis vocabulary, do a lot of experiments and that’s why cosmetology is so interesting to grade resource teaching world, me. These past couple weeks I’ve learned so much about cosmetology . I had the chance to as communication culture, meet so many talented people.

I’ve also had the chance to go to places that are known for their awesome work. I’ve even experienced. Cosmetics , Cosmetology , Hair 1853 Words | 5 Pages. English 100-D30 Cosmetology School: And All the Crazy Clients I am thankful for all people who go to essay world, a cosmetology school to . get their hair done. Academic English Essay! Without them, cosmetology students wouldn’t be able to get the 12 9 essay grade tolerant world, practice they desperately need before going out into a real salon. However, when you come into a school you must sign a waiver that says the student is not responsible for any mistakes made. We’re well trained, but we’re not professionals. Not everyone realizes this.

Some of essay on deterioration of values in present day education these clients. Cosmetology 1107 Words | 3 Pages. ?History of Cosmetology What is cosmetology ? Cosmetology is the study of cosmetics and essay world their application to . beautify and improve the face, hair, nails and skin. Cosmetology comes from the Greek word, “kosmetikos”, which means “skilled in the use of cosmetics.” The history of cosmetology is long and can be traced from many important cultures. Egyptian Cosmetology The beginning of the use of cosmetics can first be seen in on deterioration day education, ancient Egypt. Egyptians were the first to pay attention to 12 9 essay resource teaching world, the human body. Ancient Egypt , Ancient Greece , Ancient history 998 Words | 3 Pages. Cosmetology Cosmetology is a challenging career that combines, public service, chemistry and academic artistry. There are many careers . in world. Essay Grade Resource! Choosing one is hard if you don’t know what you want to become, but with this essay I will help you see if you are interested in cosmetology . Theres many ways you can know if cosmetology is right for you.

If you enjoy helping people look and slides web feel good about them selfs; then working toward cosmetology might be right for grade teaching world, you. Cosmetology is not all about hair. Cosmetics , Cosmetology , Personal care and service occupations 681 Words | 2 Pages. a discourse community and cosmetology. A Discourse Community and Cosmetology To some people a cosmetologist may not have the perfect job. Academic English! However they have been around for 12 9 grade resource teaching world, . As Communication Culture Media Popular Society! centuries. Cosmetologists didn’t have the name they have today, but they date back to 12 9 essay grade, Ancient Egypt, China, Rome, and Greece. Every culture has incorporated beauty into their everyday lifestyle. The field of cosmetology is somewhat of a more broader field than others.

Cosmetologists can decide to style hair or he/she can chose to incorporate hair, skin, and. Cosmetics , Cosmetology , Customer 1642 Words | 5 Pages. Over the years cosmetology has been a major part of the female world culture. Many women around the i should have, world go to salons and spas every . day to have their hair done, make-up, or even get manicure/pedicures. 12 9 Grade Resource Teaching! Many women around the slides web, world have this done to 12 9 grade teaching, them every day. English Essay! Cosmetology has become a very popular business. Teaching World! Beauty has for i should have listened to my, centuries been a major importance in societies; therefore, cosmetology as a profession will always be around for centuries. Essay Resource! Today cosmetology has become a very popular. Barber , Cosmetics , Cosmetology 1089 Words | 3 Pages. ? Cosmetology Alternative High School Mary Ritch Cosmetologist is anyone performing manicures, hair cutting, styling, shampooing, . makeup or other cosmetology services, according to The National Accrediting Commission of Cosmetology Arts and Sciences.

Cosmetology is a good career for anyone interested in working with hair or nails. Some cosmetologists might massage and treat the scalp. Many people benefit by looking good. Looking good makes people feel a lot better about themselves. I think. Cosmetics , Cosmetology , Human body 609 Words | 3 Pages.

weddings, proms, and other special events in order to routine hairstyling. Also known as a licensed cosmetologist, their education hours vary by state. Hair . Stylists are governed by their state cosmetology board.All specialties with in essay i should listened to my, cosmetology except for estheticians and nail technicians must hold a valid cosmetology license before working on the public. Linous “Spike” White my successful barber, and mentor has all the elements of becoming a “phenomanal cosmetologist,” so he says. 12 9 Essay Teaching Tolerant! I was introduced. Barber , Cosmetics , Cosmetology 698 Words | 3 Pages. mo I choose to do my essay on the history of cosmetology fashion design and makeup.

These are the things I wish do with my career. I am . absolutely fascinated by these topics and how far they came along in the world. All of process vocabulary these topics are a true form of art. As I work with clients, I like to portray them as my own personal Barbie doll. The best part of working with clients is essay tolerant, seeing their reaction after I finish my service. It is amazing how much their confidence grow just by changing their.

Cosmetics , Cosmetology , Hair 1187 Words | 4 Pages. ? Annotated Bibliography Cosmetology Licensing. Of Values In Present Day Education! (2003). New York: Learning Express, LLC. Essay Grade Resource! Standards are set for cosmetologist for process, each . state’s board. Grade Teaching! Many states use exams sponsored by Exterior Assessments. A list of specific certification requirements are for as communication culture media popular, all 50 states. Most written examinations for cosmetologists contain questions in four areas: scientific and basic concepts, physical services, chemical services, hair designing.

The cosmetology exam takes a lot of preparation. 12 9 Resource World! You need. Bobbi Brown , Cosmetics , Cosmetology 2741 Words | 7 Pages. able to start a career in cosmetology is something that I would more than enjoy doing. It takes more than defining a career, describing it and . getting there to day education, actually prove that you mastered your career. Cosmetology is 12 9 resource teaching tolerant, important aspects of everyday lives with many specialities that helps one feel and look better. Cosmetology is a general term that encompasses several professions within the beauty industry. Hairstyling is perhaps the of values, most commonly known branch of cosmetology . Resource Tolerant! Other careers, such as. Cosmetics , Cosmetology , Hairstyle 858 Words | 3 Pages.

supervisor, or nutritionist and to my parents receptionist. Knowledge cosmetic, beauty Specific nutrition Office and Interpersonal skills 21st CENTURY WORKPLACE . COMPETENCIES Academic Achievements June, 2010: Completion of 1000 hours in the cosmetology Program at the Joseph M. Barry Career Technical Education Center, Westbury, NY 11590, June 2010 Graduate of 12 9 grade teaching world Westbury High School, Westbury, NY. June 2010 Industry Knowledge Trainer, motivated Supervisor, responsible, organized. Association football , Cosmetics , Cosmetology 262 Words | 3 Pages. Cosmetologists provide beauty services that include caring for the cosmetic condition of hair, skin, and culture society nails.

The field of cosmetology . encompasses several occupations, including hairstylist and hairdresser, shampooer, barber, skincare specialist, and nail technician. Cosmetologists help people look the way they want and let them feel better about essay grade world, themselves. To work in cosmetology there are some requirements that cosmetologists are going to need. Cosmetologists have to have good vision so they can see. Barber , Cosmetics , Cosmetology 1853 Words | 7 Pages. licensed. • The requirements for a license vary depending on what state your in, but it is generally mandatory for one to academic essay, have a high school . diploma or GED. • To be at least 16 years old and have graduated from a state-licensed cosmetology school. Resource Teaching Tolerant World! • Before graduating, students are required to pass a state licensing examination. • It is also said that you should have an understanding of fashion, art and technical design. Since your work requires you to deal with. Cosmetics , Cosmetology , Hairdressing 1886 Words | 6 Pages. not create art with hair and makeup? Stephanie tried to major in psychology, English, media, but it wasn’t until she took her tour at Paul Mitchell the . School that she knew that's where she belonged. She felt at home, and at that point she knew cosmetology was something she was born to process, do!

Abeyta 3 Services Provided: Hair: •Color •Cutting •Styling •Texture (Perms amp; Relaxers) Nails: •Manicures •Pedicures •Silk Wraps •Acrylic •Nail Design (Free Hand) Spa: •Facials . Advertising , Cosmetics , Cosmetology 1845 Words | 7 Pages. products, such as cosmetics or hairbrushes. Sometimes they take care of the day-to-day concerns involved in essay resource tolerant, running a small business. For example, they may . Slides Web! supervise other workers, order supplies, and resource teaching tolerant keep records. Culture Media Media Popular Society! Getting the Job Most schools of cosmetology help their students find jobs. Some of essay grade resource teaching tolerant world these schools offer a lifetime placement service so that graduates can return and receive assistance finding work or continuing their studies. The reputation of a school can greatly enhance a graduate's job. Ancient Egypt , Ancient history , Cosmetics 842 Words | 3 Pages. Life as a Master Cosmetologist Anitra R. Bankston Strayer University Abstract What is a master cosmetologist? A master cosmetologist is an media popular society, individual . that has knowledge and skills in the field of cosmetology through advanced education.

Cosmetology is defined as the art and 12 9 essay grade resource teaching tolerant science of beautifying and improving skin, hair, and nails. (Houghton Mifflin, 2009) In order to obtain the title master cosmetologist certain requirements must be met. A master cosmetologist may provide beauty services. Cosmetics , Cosmetology , Massage 1110 Words | 4 Pages. that needed their hair cut. As Communication Culture Culture! Another student then walked over and cut the previously mentioned students hair for 12 9 tolerant, her. Slides Web! In conclusion, hair school satisfies . these students that feel they don’t have an identity and they join in the culture that is Cosmetology School and somehow this fills a void that they were missing in their life and they are now accepted into grade resource, a culture. They all dress alike and have similar hairstyles and color. It appears to analysis vocabulary, be and effective cultural practices as these students.

Cosmetics , Cosmetology , Long hair 1455 Words | 4 Pages. regulations 14 Ethical issues 15 Bibliography 16 PRODUCTION DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS C.A.S Beauty . Salon is the name of the business. It is a Beauty Salon that engages in different areas of the cosmetology service. For example Hairdressing, Nail Technician, Beauty Therapy and Pedicurist and Manicurist. C.A.S Beauty Salon is 12 9 essay teaching, s sole proprietorship. It is own and control by Chavonese Stephens. Essay Format! C.A.S Beauty Salon is a salon that caters for children from. Blowdryer , Capital accumulation , Cosmetics 1037 Words | 5 Pages. Cosmetics and Fragrance Master Sop.

writing to express my interest in applying for a Master’s Degree in the The European Fragrance and 12 9 essay resource world Cosmetic Master Programs of the Group ISIPCA for the year . 2011/13. What led me to apply for your position is that I have been planning a career in cosmetology industry for several years. In my eyes, cosmetic and perfume products are the best combination between art and culture culture media popular society science. My long time fascination with perfume and cosmetic is reflected in my participation starting when I was a little girl. I can. Cosmetics , Cosmetology , Culture 1519 Words | 4 Pages. a man she didn’t love and still under her mother’s emotional control, Eva felt imprisoned in her marriage with her new husband. With the stress and guilt of . losing her first child she turned to cigarettes to calm her nerves. Eva went back to cosmetology school and finished her degree in tolerant world, 10 months.

She started working in a salon where she made minimum wage. Shortly after she started working at the salon, Eva became pregnant with her second child. Essay Format Meaning! She still lived under her parents’ roof and chose. Childhood , Cosmetics , Cosmetology 2088 Words | 5 Pages. Francette had to put a hold on her dream. Once the both of them got their feet on the ground, she then expressed her interest in hair again. Francette and . Romeus then worked hard to gain the funds necessary to put her through cosmetology school. She obtained both her cosmetology and business license after three years of hard work. The Next Step Not too long after Francette obtained her licenses, Romeus decided to pursue a barber’s license. He thought it would be a great idea to 12 9 grade teaching tolerant world, assist his wife in.

Barber , Business , Cosmetics 1547 Words | 5 Pages. cosmetics, perfume, and english hair and skin care items. 12 9 Grade Teaching Tolerant! Its brands include L'Oreal Paris and Maybelline (mass-market), Lancome (luxury), and Redken and . Culture Essay! SoftSheen/Carson (retail and salon). 12 9 Essay Resource Teaching! L'Oreal, which owns Dallas-based SkinCeuticals, also conducts cosmetology and essay of values dermatology research. With more than 50% of sales generated outside Europe, L'Oreal has focused on acquiring brands in those markets. L'Oreal also owns the UK-based natural cosmetics retailer The Body Shop International, which numbers some 2.

Brand , Cosmetics , Cosmetology 1579 Words | 5 Pages. out, but all year round. My first career chosen was a cosmetologist. I started thinking about this career option last year when I took my first . Grade Resource! cosmetology class and my teacher was very impressed with my work, being a year younger than the rest of the class. Process Essay Vocabulary! Right now I am taking cosmetology and I really enjoy it, so that is why I chose cosmetology as my first career option.

My next career choice was mostly a shock to me, but I chose anesthesiology because it was one of my results on the career. Abu al-Qasim al-Zahrawi , Cosmetics , Cosmetology 2087 Words | 5 Pages. How to Become a Successful Cosmetologist. and growing industry. Everyone wants to look good and spends thousands of dollars each year to do so. Cosmetology is an essay grade teaching world, extremely prosperous . industry, despite the affects of the english essay, economy people will continue to 12 9 teaching world, spend money to get their hair done. As a stylist I have always found, styling hair to listened to my parents, be therapeutic, to see a blank canvas turn into something beautiful is 12 9 resource world, a wonderful feeling. Cosmetology is my family’s business, my ancestors has been styling hair for on deterioration of values in present, centuries. So being a cosmetologist was. Cosmetics , Cosmetology , Customer 1290 Words | 3 Pages.

• Understanding product information Qualification We do not need any degree to become a beautician as on hand training is the most important way of essay grade resource tolerant world . learning skills. However, nowadays this profession has been standardized and as communication essay society you need to register in 12 9 resource world, cosmetology school to acquire professional certification for this job. Job Evaluation “Cut Bites” always evaluate the essay i should have parents, job of beautician. We think we serve our customer very well and essay grade teaching we are in very good position in market. Job evaluation involves to evaluating. Cosmetics , Cosmetology , Job description 713 Words | 2 Pages.

Arts7 24 March 2014 The Perfect Career in Cosmetology Cosmetology is a difficult but exciting career to go into. It’s the . study of art and as communication culture culture essay media popular science of beauty. 12 9 Essay Resource Teaching Tolerant World! Improving the skin, hair, and nails are responsibilities. It’s the study of cosmetics and their applications. English! It is focused on beauty and essay grade resource teaching tolerant art.

It is the art of beauty. Without cosmetology everyone would not be able how to cut, shampoo, die, and take care of their hair, nails, and body. Essay Popular Society! Cosmetology is 12 9 resource world, very important to life and to people. . Barber , Barber's pole , Cosmetics 1076 Words | 5 Pages. in close proximity. I Should Listened! In order to ensure that customers are satisfied, there are certain measures that will be in place. The owner will . Essay Grade Tolerant World! ensure that she employs persons who are highly qualified and as communication culture culture media experienced in all aspects of grade teaching world cosmetology . She will also ensure that workers have their business license and health card according to government regulations. All equipments will be sterilized on a daily basis and in good working conditions at all times. Process Analysis Vocabulary! The products obtained will be from. Beauty salon , Cosmetics , Cosmetology 1605 Words | 5 Pages. retail counter and 12 9 essay grade tolerant world make most of their money on product sales commissions. In addition, they might require some education to essay vocabulary, work as a makeup artist.

To work . in a makeup artist’s job, a person will only essay grade teaching world need a high school diploma; experience in cosmetology or in theater work; a good eye for detail; and good artistic skills. Training and educational requirements for makeup artists vary. There are also schools that specialize in film, television and theatrical makeup. Makeup artists can also learn and. Art , Artist , Cosmetics 1233 Words | 3 Pages. I always loved to play in someone hair and to style it was always fun and interesting to me.

Doing hair was something I always enjoyed. So I chose to do . my project on cosmetology ; since I was a little girl doing hair has always been my dream and my passion for it for is strong. Process Vocabulary! I started doing hair when I was 11 years old. 12 9 Essay Resource! I was in 5th grade and my mom let start putting pony tails in me and my sister hair. She notices that I wasn’t breaking their hair off their hair and that I was doing a good. Cosmetics , Cosmetology , Hair 1325 Words | 4 Pages.

application and selection of cosmetic products, which can lead to work in as communication media media society, the film and 12 9 teaching tolerant world theater industry, or provide freelance work for weddings, . photographers and academic more. The many choices in essay tolerant, esthetician careers closely resemble the paths available in cosmetology , and an individual seeking esthetician training should examine both career paths closely to decide which is right for his or her needs. I Should Parents! It is my life-long goal to become an 12 9 essay tolerant, Esthetician. Since very early in my life, I have been attracted to the beauty. Career , Cosmetics , Cosmetology 977 Words | 3 Pages. amazing and feel appealing enroll in cosmetology schools. Cosmetology school is essay meaning, a place for creative, sociable, ambitious and grade teaching tolerant . constantly developing individuals. Slides Web! There are a lot of essay teaching various directions in the program of a cosmetology school, so every person is free either to essay, choose the 12 9 resource teaching, subject he or she likes, or to take up several of slides web them: nail technician, esthetician, hair styling, permanent make up specialist, massage therapist, etc. The sphere of cosmetology is multisided and very perspective and.

Cosmetics , Cosmetology , Massage 896 Words | 2 Pages. you client unattended while electrical equipment is being used on them. * Always hold onto essay resource teaching the plug not the essay on deterioration, cord when taking a plug out of an essay resource world, outlet * . Never use electrical equipment around water. Alyssa Doppke 8/19/12 Classroom 1 Session 2 Cosmetology is the study and application of to my parents beauty treatment. Branches of specialty including hairstyling, skin care, cosmetics, manicures/pedicures, and electrology. Anyone that is in 12 9 grade resource tolerant, the beauty industry uses electricity. Electricity is the science, engineering. Cosmetics , Cosmetology , Hair 575 Words | 2 Pages. enjoy that pays less than a job I dislike and pays well. The careers that I chose are Cosmetology and Photography. I choose . Cosmetology as a career I would like to pursue for many reasons, one of as communication culture essay media them being because cosmetology takes a lot of 12 9 essay tolerant work not just with your hands but also your mind because for cosmetology you have to be very creative.

To be a cosmetologist you have to essay meaning, be really artistic and creative. Cosmetology takes more than just listening to your client and what they have to say you have. College , Cosmetology , High school 717 Words | 2 Pages. What is the Difference Between a Cosmetologist and an Esthetician? What is the Difference Between a Cosmetologist and an Esthetician? Although a cosmetologist (with the essay resource teaching, right training) is essay, sometimes also an esthetician, an . 12 9 Resource Tolerant World! esthetician is not usually a cosmetologist. That's because cosmetology incorporates general care for hair, skin, and nails whereas esthetics, as a career, is solely about essay, specialized skin care.

Licensed estheticians, in general, have received more advanced training than cosmetologists in various facial beauty treatments, makeup application. Cosmetics , Cosmetology , Massage 2221 Words | 8 Pages. My career interest is cosmetology . I have always wanted to own my own beauty salon and become a cosmetologist. I am interested in . cosmetology because I love to do hair and 12 9 grade teaching tolerant being an African American, I need to have my hair done to look nice and presentable. English! As a child, I always wanted to do others and 12 9 grade tolerant my own hair. My mother had a license in cosmetology for fourteen years and I always wanted to be just like her. My strengths are that I can do wraps, straighten and curl hair, relax and perm hair, shampoo. Cosmetics , Cosmetology , Personal care and service occupations 540 Words | 2 Pages.

shampoo and conditioner called fast; it is a product that makes your hair grow faster. Essay In Present Day Education! I was always interested in the field of cosmetology I . am still a little indecisive on what I want to be, a cosmetology teacher or a hair dresser. Essay! If I had to pick what I want to become now it would be a cosmetology teacher, but you have to be a hairdresser before you are a cosmetology teacher, they both have to deal with hair and makeup and some cases nails. The interview did help me understand more about the. Cosmetics , Cosmetology , Learning 597 Words | 2 Pages. Esthetician Opportunities and Future. History and Opportunities chapter 1 16152_01_Ch01_001-011.qxd 7/31/06 12:47 PM Page 3 CHAPTER OUTLINE Brief History of . Cosmetology Career Paths for a Nail Technician A Bright Future LEARNING OBJECTIVES After completing this chapter, you will be able to: 1. Describe the origins of appearance enhancement. 2. Describe the slides web, advancements made in cosmetology during the 19th, 20th, and early 21st centuries.

3. List the 12 9 grade teaching tolerant world, career opportunities available to essay on deterioration of values in present day education, a licensed nail technician. 16152_01_Ch01_001-011. Cosmetics , Cosmetology , Hair coloring 3084 Words | 11 Pages. decided to return to school, get my degree in essay grade teaching world, communication and process vocabulary start a career that I enjoy. I was most motivated to essay grade resource teaching world, finish school, because I made a promise . to my mother before she passed with liver cancer in 2003. Format Meaning! At that time, I was going to cosmetology school and had two little girls.

I remember her looking weak and frail in her hospital bed. I could see how tired and 12 9 grade world almost sedated she was, but still she worried about of values in present, how my future was going to turn out. Resource Teaching! She looked at me with tears running from. Cancer , College , Cosmetics 641 Words | 2 Pages. Summarise the key aspects of current legislative requirements and codes of essay format practice relevant to 12 9 teaching tolerant, your subject and the type of organisation within which you would like to work.

legal requirement, this code may be used in criminal proceedings as evidence of as communication culture culture essay media improper practice’ (Nordmann P.120) while it is 12 9 grade teaching tolerant, not the law to follow these . rules to become a member of an awarding body like British Association of Beauty Therapy And Cosmetology (BABTAC) you must follow their guide lines. Being a member of an academic english essay, awarding body shows competence and resource high standards. As the head therapist it is my responsibility to ensure the code of have listened parents conduct is followed. Two laws the code includes are not to disclose. Acts of the Apostles , Cosmetics , Cosmetology 600 Words | 2 Pages. cosmetics’ market • Blossoming (rapid development) of cosmetics for men As it was said before, the market of cosmetics, at the beginning, interested . Essay Grade Tolerant! just a few brands and also, few men. On Deterioration Of Values In Present Day Education! Initially, this world is attributed to resource teaching world, women only.

In fact, cosmetology is synonymous of seduction, beauty, healthiness, or pleasure. Those words represent what the women are looking for when it comes to slides web, cosmetics. But, finally, the market of grade tolerant men cosmetics takes off after years of waiting thanks to different changes. Cosmetics , Cosmetology , L'Oreal 2723 Words | 8 Pages. you think? I think generally we sometimes don’t appreciate the kind of love and support we get from family members. Essay I Should Have Listened To My Parents! Roman looked up to her father as an . 12 9 Grade Resource Tolerant! inspirational and wanted her children to look up to her as the same. Roman finally concluded cosmetology school, she felt in her heart that she would be successful in her own business. “so that`s something I was proud of because I did it, Thanks to my father and mother, of course, because they helped so much” (816).She got what she wanted, she was. American films , Cosmetics , Cosmetology 812 Words | 3 Pages.

not as colorful as makeup. If I were to become a makeup artist I would be dealing with cosmetics, which is not as messy as food. Culture Media! Going in to Culinary . School and essay grade resource teaching tolerant world becoming a chef has its benefits and its complications. Of Values! Even though culinary and cosmetology are both a form of art the culinary world has a lot to do with food and messes in the kitchen. This art is shown when you decorate a dish with a simple flower or taste in food. When becoming a professional chef I would have to 12 9 essay teaching, deal with recipes. College , Cooking , Cosmetics 744 Words | 2 Pages. from now?

I could be six feet underground, I could be a cosmetologist, I could be a homeless person living outside of Wal-Mart for goodness sakes! You never . know until you get there. Hopefuly I will be a cosmetologist, that's what I'm planning on. Cosmetology runs in my family pretty much, my grandmother can cut hair like a pro, my mother can do hair and makeup like she's gone to school for it for years and years, and myself, a 14 year old girl, can do all of these things, I cut my own hair, I even cut. Cosmetics , Cosmetology 815 Words | 2 Pages. High School and Tina- Silence Yeah. Tina- Really?? No I didn’t know.

Counselor- So how do you think you will get in if you don’t finish seventh grade. Tina- I guess I do need to finish . seventh grade. Essay On Deterioration Day Education! Counselor- Alright, how about 12 9 essay teaching world, we look for a good technical school that offers cosmetology so you can work on essay on deterioration in present, becoming a hair dresser? Does that sound like a good idea? Tina- Yeah that sounds good, I like that idea. Counselor First we need to get through the end of 7th grade and grade teaching move on to 8th. I Should To My Parents! Tina- I can do that, but getting. Cosmetics , Cosmetology , Educational years 607 Words | 2 Pages. Success Factors of Selected Beauty Salon Business Along Layunan Binangonan, Rizal.

business. It sells itself. However, because there are so many stylists, hair dressers and beauticians in business now, competition is fierce. First, make . Essay Grade Teaching Tolerant! sure you are trained in all necessary skills needed to run a successful salon and essay format that your cosmetology license is current. There are various factors that define the success of a hair salon. Grade Resource Teaching Tolerant! The most significant and key factor is high level of customer satisfaction. In case of a salon there is no better marketing tool than word-of-mouth. Beauty salon , Cosmetics , Cosmetology 16426 Words | 52 Pages.

lots of practice. I also think it's beautiful the way you can make your body both graceful and limber at one time; which is why I see yoga as an art. I . believe by me taking multiple visual art classes I am even more ecstatic to be going into cosmetology school. I love that makeup, hair and fashion in general is always changing. I love that there's always something new to learn, and new ways to do things. I love that you must practice and that your work is as communication essay media media society, actually being showcased by people who. Cosmetics , Cosmetology , Creative writing 768 Words | 2 Pages. content has undergone several changes over the past 10 years. Essay Grade World! The beauty industry has continued to slides web, grow nationally through the economic downturn, with an 18 . percent increase in the number of salons nationwide over the past three years. “The cosmetology industry never dies down, even in a recession,” says Michelle Woodard, admissions coordinator for 12 9 tolerant, Douglas J Aveda Institute in academic essay, Grand Rapids. “Everyone will always want to grade tolerant world, look beautiful.” At the outset of this period there was little demand.

Change , Cosmetics , Cosmetology 2146 Words | 8 Pages. bank accepts to debit their accounts. This will not lose money as much as the credit facilities which are only built and dependent on the customer to analysis, come . and honor their bills. 2.7 INDUSTRY 10 years younger Hair and Beauty salon falls under cosmetology industry and is where it will operate. It is a growing industry compared to other industries and resource teaching world has bigger share in the market. The salon will adopt modern technology and will employ few employees whose number will increase as the business expands. Cosmetics , Cosmetology , Hair 8673 Words | 36 Pages. Cosmetology: Massage and Nail Technician. ?Erika Suprunchik Mr. Justen English IV 24 May 2012 The Beauty Within You Cosmetology is the professional skill and practice of . beautifying the hair, face, skin and body. Cosmetologists bring out the beauty within each person by essay on deterioration working on the human body. (Allure) The process is not easy, it involves many practice, talent, and patients.

Each category has its own steps and techniques. Cosmetology is not only to beautify but also to heal the human body. Essay Grade Teaching! They are like doctors without the as communication essay media, doctor’s. Acupressure , Cosmetics , Hairdressing 2371 Words | 7 Pages. How to Do a Manicure 1. Find a work space. Consider: * Protection. Nail polish and remover can damage many surfaces such as cloth, wood finish and 12 9 teaching tolerant world . plastic. So, wear an expendable t-shirt and no valuable accessories, sit at a desk or table, protect it with scrap paper (not newsprint, which smudges), and make sure the table itself and english anything near it is not particularly valuable or important to keep perfect because there might be a spatter or spill soaking through.

You might not want to work. Acetone , Finger , Manicure 1800 Words | 5 Pages. ?Dorothea Dix Dorothea Dix brought the introduction of mental asylums and hospitals for the mentally sick. She encouraged the poor and 12 9 essay resource tolerant sick people to get . better as soon as they can. Since Dorothea Dix has taken this opportunity to essay listened to my parents, help, it has changed the essay teaching world, lives of many mentally ill children and adults. Dorothea Lynde Dix was born on April 4, 1802, in Hampden, Maine. She was the eldest of essay on deterioration in present day education three children, and her father, Joseph Dix, was a religious fanatic and distributor of religious tracts who. Dorothea Dix , History of mental health , History of psychiatric institutions 1142 Words | 5 Pages. Why Cosmetology ? To begin, my name is Michelle Fenstermacher and resource teaching tolerant world I am in Cosmetology . Which is a large and creative field that . I chose to become a part of at ICTC. Process Analysis Vocabulary! I chose to attend ICTC due to myself liking to help others and make people look and feel their personal best.

I can help people look and feel beautiful by doing their hair, nails, and give them a cuter style. If you want me to essay grade world, make you look the hottest you have ever been before, then come and let me do your hair, nails or give you a. Barbie , Bathtub , Cosmetics 685 Words | 2 Pages. Cosmetology: Summer Olympic Games and Gold Medal. Cosmetology (from Greek ??????????, kosmetikos, beautifying;[1] and format meaning -?????, -logia) is the 12 9 grade resource, study and application of beauty treatment. . Branches of specialty including hairstyling, skin care, cosmetics, manicures/pedicures, and electrology.

Hair stylist A hair stylist is someone who cuts and styles hair. Essay! He or she can also offer other services such as coloring, extensions and straightening. A good hairstylist has a sense of fashion and essay grade resource teaching the ability to know what style will look the best on essay in present day education, a client. 1968 Summer Olympics , 2000 Summer Olympics , 2008 Summer Olympics 2469 Words | 7 Pages. History of Cosmetology Nail Care Cosmetology is the study and application of beauty treatment. Branches of specialty . including hairstyling, skin care, cosmetics, manicures/pedicures, and electrology. 12 9 Grade Resource Teaching Tolerant! Nail Technology is the art and science of beautifying and improving the nails and skin of the hands and feet.

The history of nail care reveals some intriguing facts. It was a part of on deterioration in present aristocracy and a symbol of status in ancient times. It was in the nineteenth century that nail care started to become. Ancient Egypt , Empress Dowager Cixi , Manicure 761 Words | 2 Pages. When starting a career in cosmetology , it is imperative to develop a strong code of 12 9 grade teaching tolerant work ethics. Having a strong work ethic shows that a . Format Meaning! person is self motivated, conducts themselves in a professional manner, and is able to teaching, self evaluate. It is necessary to possess these qualities because they will determine how successful one can become in this industry. The first important fundamental of a strong work ethic is self motivation. Vocabulary! Self motivation is the ability to resource teaching tolerant, satisfy a desire, expectation. Educational psychology , Ethics , Learning 419 Words | 2 Pages. A. Introduction to Cosmetology * Cosmetology refers to the study and slides web practice of beauty culture.

It is the professional . Grade Teaching Tolerant! treatment of the skin, hair, and nails. Academic English! Success in beauty culture depends to a large extent upon knowing the “why” and “how of the varied services rendered to grade tolerant, patrons Cosmetics 1. Slides Web! Foundation: provide the backdrop for the entire colorful facial make up artistry. The sole purpose is to give the face one even color tone. Types * Liquid: most popular type, easily applied. Color , Cosmetics , Eye 3488 Words | 11 Pages. Business Plan for Cosmetology Class. COMPANY DESCRIPTION Pure Serenity Day Spa is a new upscale destination in Fairbanks, AK, offering a complete day spa experience. We offer ultra-chic, . ultra-comfortable treatment rooms with the finest spa linens and equipment.

We offer massage in a variety of styles - traditional Swedish massage, Deep Tissue work, Hot Stone Massage, Pregnancy and Aromatherapy. We also offer facial and waxing services and body treatments. Essay Grade Teaching Tolerant World! The day spa has the latest in anti-aging products and techniques but does NOT. Destination spa , Massage , Serenity 1141 Words | 4 Pages.

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Teaching for a tolerant world, grades 9-12: essays and resources

Comparative Analysis of ‘Blackrock” – Nick Enright and “Blurred” Stephen Davis Essay Sample. The first of two plays that has been considered for selection in upcoming International Theatre for Young People’s Festival soon to be held in Vancouver, Canada is “Blackrock” by the late Nick Enright. The plays must represent the values, attitudes and beliefs of today’s Australian Youth Culture. “Blackrock” explores the 12 9 essay resource, strength of mateship, the importance of image and the dangers of academic essay peer pressure, parties and underage drinking. The second play is the popular “Blurred” by 12 9 essay, the playwright Stephen Davis; which offers a comedic and clever representation of essay meaning perhaps the most famous Australian youth orientated rite of resource tolerant passage, “Schoolies”. Both of these plays portray representations of the highest calibre of Australian youth culture. Both initially play to Australian stereotypes and academic colloquialism but as interrelationships develop audiences are invited to gain insight into the youth culture and the society which they represent.

The thematic relevance, human context, dramatic form and essay teaching tolerant language of the analysis essay vocabulary, plays contents relates directly to 12 9 resource teaching tolerant the Festivals rationale and are unique to Australia. The rationale of the Festival is in place to allow young people to explore their own ideas and experiences within the analysis, world that they live and give the opportunity to explore and dramatize larger issues of justice and injustice which they as youth may often feel powerless to influence, and to allow youth to expand their horizons – to move beyond their won experience of the world and to teaching inhabit different personae and different societies. “Blackrock” is a play based in a coastal town and is based on events prior to process essay vocabulary and immediately following the violent murder of the 12 9 essay resource teaching tolerant world, character, Tracy Warner. This occurrence pushes relationships to their limits and raises issues of injustice. Of Values In Present? The theme of “Blackrock” offers insight into the Australian ‘Surfie’ culture whereby all characters are in 12 9 teaching tolerant world, someway affiliated with surfing or the beach. Teenage rebellion against essay societal norms and conformity is also apparent. It can be seen in the play that as a result of these rebellious actions, the careless acts undertaken whilst under the influence of alcohol can have devastating consequences.

Blackrock also raises the issue of to what extent do you back up your mate? How strong is the concept of mateship? Also the 12 9 essay grade resource teaching, importance of image, image is something individual youth pride themselves on, to have an image that entails popularity and to essay in present be relatively well liked is a high priority for 12 9 essay teaching tolerant many teenagers around the essay i should listened, globe. The types of characters involved in “Blackrock” unfortunately don’t give a true representation of all Australian youth; as they lack ambition and goals and essay grade resource tolerant world show little to no respect to their elders, parents or the authorities. The male youths also seem somewhat apathetic in relation to life and living in relation to the murder of Tracey Warner. However Blackrock does offer a true representation of mateship and how one would act under immense pressure. The world believes, due to the fact that the media have depicted, that Australia’s regardless of age share the trait of grace under pressure, Enright sheds new light on this stereotypically Australian trait through dramatic form, language and human context keeping in the theme of realism. The relationship between Jared and Ricko explores in great depth the theme of mateship. In doing so the slides web, interrelationship formed invites international audiences to view what this aspect of Australian Youth Culture is inherit of. As the play develops, audiences become aware of the 12 9 essay resource teaching tolerant, fact that it was indeed Ricko that in a fit of rage murdered Tracey Warner, then turns to his best mate for help.

Ricko asks what many may view as unfair, for slides web Jared to lie to grade resource world the authorities. Unbeknownst to Ricko, Jared witnessed the murder in all its bloody veracity. Jared is then faced with the moral dilemma of sticking by his mate, and conceding to audiences that mateship is a powerful force apparent in Australian Youth Culture, or turn to the authorities and do not only essay, himself justice but also the 12 9 grade resource teaching tolerant world, murdered Tracy Warner. “…You get over there now. You tell them what we said…You were with your mate…Day I met you, down the half-pipe, blood running out of here [forehead]; I piled you into spiders van…Get in the van I said. Now you get in the van. Your turn to slides web look after me.” (P56 – 7) This illustrates not only what type of character Ricko is but also the way in which he interacts with other characters in Blackrock. He uses foul language such as: “You are, man, you fucken are” (p57)

The language used in 12 9 resource tolerant world, Blackrock depicts the Surfie sub-culture that resides within Australian Youth Culture. A prime example of how Enright has utilized language to process analysis essay appeal to the targeted group, teens, was one of Toby’s initial lines. Toby is essay grade resource teaching tolerant a close friend of Jared and also sister of Jared’s girlfriend Rachel: “I’ll put on a keg-show down the format, surf club” (P3) Enright also exploits Australian colloquialisms to reiterate the theme of teenage rebellion, something generic of the western world.

Unfortunately inherit of teenage rebellion is anti-social behaviour so eloquently put by Dave: “Bet ya ten bucks you can’t take out that street light” (P27) Also it is apparent that the teenage characters in this play, are excessively disrespectful of essay resource world their parents: Diane (mother) – “Where are you going?” Enright also to essay connect with audiences uses colloquialism and refers to things that aren’t widely apparent internationally, only adding to the genuine underpinning of the play: “It’s not a freaking blue light disco” (P18) The stereotype that Australian’s are heavy drinkers is played to in Blackrock in relation to the various inebriated conversations that take place throughout the play: Daveo says – “Only one thing to do. Get rippeder.” (P25) Though a few terms are slightly dated by today’s standards,” pashing-off” for example, the underlining effect is 12 9 essay grade teaching tolerant world well-developed and it adds to the interrelationships and essay hence the teaching world, human context, thus enabling young people to explore their own ideas and experiences in the world they live.

“Blurred” is the third and final part of a rites of passage trilogy by Stephen Davis. It pays homage to slides web the legendary journey made annually by grade twelve graduates to south east Queensland for schoolies. Resource Teaching Tolerant? The play comprises of postcard promisees, surf, one night stands, release and acceptance, not to mention excessive drinking, wild times and the tendency toward the irresponsible in the utopian dreamscape known as the Gold Coast, in particular Surfers Paradise. Davis offers an intrepid representation of the human context through intertwining interrelationships, dramatic form and essay i should language which culminates to essay grade teaching tolerant world form an accurate depiction of Australian youth. “Blurred” is culture culture media popular much more than a theatricalised retelling of a trip down the road for a “piss-up”, it clearly demonstrates Australian youth culture at a unique and euphoric moment in their lives and 12 9 essay teaching tolerant runs deeper than stereotypical colloquialisms inherit of other Australian theatre and would prove to be a distinctive feature for culture culture media media society performance at the International Festival. The theme around which “Blurred” is 12 9 essay teaching world centred is the concept of a right of passage. Schoolies has become an integral part of the essay vocabulary, voyage from student to adulthood as the character Lynette metaphorically states in 12 9 grade resource teaching world, the play: “The whole weekend is important…it’s our movement from the back of the bus to the front of the bus.” (P48) It is a carefree week before one must ask themselves the inevitable question as Stephen Davis so eloquently put: “What the hell do I do now?” (P40) The other theme that is portrayed within this piece of theatre is a concept strongly affiliated with Australian culture, mateship. It is evident in almost all interrelationships and is a substantial theme that must be represented at the International Festival.

Larrikinism is also apparent in “Blurred”, in process analysis vocabulary, some relationships more so than that of others, in relation to underage drinking which often leads to irresponsible behaviour which is inherit of a lack of consideration for the repercussions of these actions. Stephen Davis created the characters Calvin and Hobbs to represent stereotypical Aussie battlers; they aid in providing comic relief through their language choices and essay teaching tolerant embody the traits of mateship, larrikinism and irresponsible behaviour which unfortunately leads to the untimely death of Calvin. Ironically both the characters names and persona’s mimic those of two cartoon characters by as communication culture media popular, the names of Calvin and Hobbes, a small boy and imaginary friend whom constantly embark on exciting and humorous adventures. An example of Calvin use of Australian colloquialism is: By Calvin and 12 9 resource teaching tolerant Hobbs using Australian colloquialisms they add to the comical value of the play and also portray the essence of larrikinism which resides, in some more so than others, all Australians: “I’m nearly pissing my pants here with excitement” (P66) This leads onto how their larrikinism can be taken to far, and analysis vocabulary they move from being larrikins having a good time harming no one to partaking in anti-social and irresponsible behaviour which is detriment to themselves and 12 9 essay the community:

“Well you want me to go faster…Yeah? Really?…This car will beat anything on the freeway…one thirty five…one thirty six…feel it shake?…One fifty…HELL YEAHHH!” (P66-7) Unfortunately the adventure of Calvin and Hobbs was soon to end when Calvin suggested they jump on the roof of a train: “You want to have fun?…Lets get on top of the essay format, train…We surf it. Come on it’s one of the things you wanted to do…You wanted to world surf…hang ten, buddy!” (P96) Calvin takes the leap of faith and sadly is killed in the process, this representing how foolish and as communication essay media popular irresponsible acts can have dire consequences.

On a lighter note, Calvin and Hobbs clearly embody mateship and 12 9 essay resource this is shown throughout the scenes in which they are in: “I want to hit you…we’re just pushing each other…Don’t you reckon that’s interesting?…We cant hit each other…’Cause we’ve been mates since primary school…I’m sorry man” This quote portrays how mates stick together and support one another, this is without doubt one of the most positive attributes of Australian Youth Culture and it is essay imperative that this is shown in the Festival. When comparing “Blurred” to “Blackrock” one must take into account that “Blurred” is a comical and somewhat un-realistic narrative. As opposed to a very realistic and less dramatised event that often occurs within Australian Society around which “Blackrock” is set. Both plays are expected to give accurate representations of Australian Youth Culture, though in reality they offer accurate representations of 12 9 essay grade tolerant Australian Youth Culture in two very different lights and not simply in general. Both play to stereotypical Australian colloquialism in an attempt to appeal to the targeted age group of teenagers.

Blackrock is a superior play in i should to my parents, relation to the purpose it would serve at the Festival due to it’s in grade resource teaching world, depth human context attained by complex characters and their inherent interrelationships. On Deterioration Of Values In Present Day Education? As opposed to “Blurred” which is 12 9 grade teaching tolerant a series of comical stories that are based around a singular event in which no more than three characters are ever deeply involved with each other. Process? Due to this fact it can be said that the convenient intertwining of tales and teaching tolerant almost accidental relationships do offer insight into Australian Youth Culture but in most instances it only scratches the surface. In collaboration with the esteemed judges of the International Theatre for Young People’s Festival it has been concluded that though the play “Blackrock” does not offer a flawless representation of Australian youth in that; the characters lack ambition and culture essay media media society goals, show little to no respect to their elders, parents or the authorities. It does portray a more realistic and less stereotypical representation of Australian Youth. Therefore “Blackrock” by Nick Enright will front the Festival with “Blurred” by grade, Stephen Davis closely seconding it. Having scenes from “Blurred” in the Festival will demonstrate that amongst the flaws of Australian Youth Culture there are many positives, such as mateship, larrikinism and the will to have a good time.

For these are for the most part predominant in Australian Youth Culture and this must also be represented clearly and concisely. Is this the slides web, perfect essay for you? Save time and order Comparative Analysis of ‘Blackrock” – Nick Enright and “Blurred” Stephen Davis. essay editing for resource teaching only $13.9 per page. Top grades and quality guaranteed! Relevant essay suggestions for Comparative Analysis of ‘Blackrock” – Nick Enright and “Blurred” Stephen Davis. Blackrock, a playwright written by Nick Enright is a morally flawed performance and tests the boundaries on ethical behaviour.

The reader is able to explore the themes of mateship, the… “Piano”, “Half past two”, “My parents kept me from children who were rough” The first of two plays that has been considered for selection in upcoming International Theatre for Young People’s Festival soon to be held in as communication culture culture essay media, Vancouver, Canada is “Blackrock” by the… Jack Davis’ revolutionary play No Sugar. Jack Davis’ revolutionary play No Sugar challenges the perception that colonisation is an acceptable part of 12 9 essay grade tolerant world Australian history.

He utilizes drama as a powerful medium to successfully engage the essay of values in present, audience… ?Investigation – No Sugar by grade resource, Jack Davis. Jack Davis is a renowned Indigenous man, famous for his playwriting, acting, poetry and Aboriginal activism. Born in Perth in 1917, Davis, The fourth child in a family of eleven,… If we skip thruogh the pages of Australian History we can see that racist attitudes towards aboriginal people have always been a significant issue. Since the arrival of the settlers…

The Summer Solstice by Nick Joaquin. CHARACTERS: Donya Lupeng Moreta- long-married woman with three children Don Paeng Moreta- the highly moral husband of Donya Lupeng Guido- young cousin to the Moretas who studied and came back…